de” Medici,11 in that of Alberti. It is known that this
great man lived to an advanced age; but the time of
his death is unascertained,,
The reformation of Architecture, begun by Bru-
nelleschi and greatly furthered by Alberti, was by
none of the intermediate Artists so considerably for-
warded, as by the labours of Bramante/ a native
of the dutchy of Urbino. The strong inclination he
had from nature to this profession could not be re-
pressed by the disadvantages of a mean extraction.
His activity in quest os insormation, and his diligence
in applying it, compensated his want of the usual
resources. He first Studied the celebrated edifices in
Lombardy ; * but Soon repaired to Rome, as the am-
plest field of instruCtion in the fine arts. His earliest
patron there was the Cardinal Oliver Caraffa, who
employed him in building a cioister for the Religious
Della Pace. He next Served Pope Alexander VI.
as subarchiteCt, in the fountain of Transtevere
and on other occasions. He was principally con-
cerned in the Palazzo della Cancellaria-* j in the
church of St. Lorenzo in Damaso ; and gave the
design of the palace built 1504 by Cardinal Adria-
no da Corneto,7 in the Place of St. Giacomo Scos-
sacavalli3 which was afterwards by the laid Cardinal
(who had been Nunzio in Scotland) presentedto the
king of England ; has Since the Reformation been in
possession of Cardinal HieronymoColonna; and is now
u Vide Epist. VII. B. X.
w Bramante da Cartel Durante 6 Fermignano, born 1444, died I5I4’ 7°»
x Built about 1512. See an elevation of this in Pietro Ferrerio’s Palazzi dl
Roma, Torn, I. plate 24, y Vide Elements, plate 53. fig. 1.