Aldrich, Henry; Smyth, Philip [Übers.]
The Elements Of Civil Architecture: According To Vitruvius And Other Ancients, And The Most Approved Practice Of Modern Authors, Especially Palladio — London, 1789 [Cicognara Nr. 395]

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CIVIL ARCHITECTURE.

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By the aid os these schemes he v/ill ascertain the size, pro-
portion os the parts, site, ornaments and the respecave costs,
so as to judge of the expence of the building. For he should
be aware, that his own credit and the {Length os the {srac-
ture much depends upon his having a sufficiency os mate-
rials well seasoned, workmen and money at command, be-
fore he begins, that the building may go on and be completed
without interruption.

§. 2. The materials sor building are timber, stone, sand,
lime, and metals.

The properest season for felling timber is from the be-
ginning of Autumn to the latter end of February, when the
moon is warning, and the weather temperate. Green or
over dried wood requires great labour in working : none is
fit for use that has not been laid by some time, and covered
•over with cow-dung : timber is unfit for making joists, doors,,
or windows, till it has been cut down three years.

Air hardens {tone. Stones which are fresh dug up are
easiest worked, and should be immediately put under the took
Those of a harder nature are employed immediately; those of
a soster kind, not till they have been two years exposed to
the weather.

Among Hones we may reckon bricks (and tiles), I. tes-
taceous;* unbaked; or those which are at least five years
dried by the sun ; or, 2. which are baked by fire, but not
till they have been made two years. In autumn it is hest to
dig them, and from a white, chalky, yielding earth. The
loom during the winter should be kept steeped, and made
into bricks in the spring. The size of the brick, or tile,
according to the practice of the Greeks, should be propor-
tioned to the grandeur os the edifice ; the greatest, Pentadori,
are five (pans each way, and are used in public buildings j

* Formed of chalky earth burnt.

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