Aldrich, Henry; Smyth, Philip [Übers.]
The Elements Of Civil Architecture: According To Vitruvius And Other Ancients, And The Most Approved Practice Of Modern Authors, Especially Palladio — London, 1789 [Cicognara Nr. 395]

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much used in ancient Rome, and is beautisul to the sight, but
was apt to crack. Wherefore, according to Palladio, no
ancient specimen of this kind remains. \ itrivius has given
the same account.


The precepts of Palladio may be explained in the second
plate. The net-work, A A, is the first kind os slrudture,
and which he disapproves. To ensure the {Length of which
he proposes to eredl brick buttresies at the angles B B, and
to place transversely, or longways, six courses of bricks at
the bottom C C, in the middle three D D, wherever the
net-work is railed six seet.

The second is brick work; which, especially in the walls
of a city or extraordinary building, is construdled like the
Aia^m-sovy for the bricks appear, E E. The rubbish lies
concealed in the middle, F F. In the bottom there are six
courses of larger bricks; then feme less at the height of
three feet; then the walls are bound again with three courses
of larger bricks ; an example of this kind {till remains in the
Pantheon, and the hot baths built by Dioclesian.

The third kind are walls made of cement, 11, composed
of rough pebbles out os a river or from a rock; sometimes
of {hell, as are the walls of Turin in Piedmont. This kind
of wall should be bound by three courses of bricks, at the
height os two feet, as K K. The fourth species is the uncer-
tain, L L ; a specimen of which {till remains at * Prcenejie.

The fifth kind is built with square {tones, and is called
Pseudisodomum, as M M; to be seen now at Rome, in
the temple of Augustus. The sixth kind, which, may be
seen at Sirmion upon the lake of Garda, is a species of
wooden walls, N N, and are called % Formze, and are (lusfed

* A city of Italy, twenty miles to the east of Rome, The modern name is

p The Spaniards call these walls mud walls; they are formed of two planks set
edgeways at a distance, opposite each other, according to the intended breadth
of the wall. See Palladio on the writings os the Ancients,

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