Aldrich, Henry; Smyth, Philip [Übers.]
The Elements Of Civil Architecture: According To Vitruvius And Other Ancients, And The Most Approved Practice Of Modern Authors, Especially Palladio — London, 1789 [Cicognara Nr. 395]

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OF THE ElE U ENTS OF

In placing them both they lay laths across the rasters, t&
which they conned the tiles in the manner of scales. The
crooked and gutter tiles are so difpcsed as that one os the lat-
ter may always be placed between two of the former ; the
work thus construdfed they imagine bears a resemblance to
the tails of peacocks, wherefore they call sac’n roofs pavona-
ceous. Five representations os tiles are shewn in Plate 3.
A is the ridge tile B the crooked tile ; the rest are plain or
ssat tiles*

B O O K. I. C H A P. III.

WHAT IS AN ORDER ? WHAT ARE ITS MEMBERS ? WHAT THE
GREATER AND LESSER PARTS OF THE MEMBERS ?

§, I. T SHALL now treat of the ornaments of walls,
JL and first of columns.

A column is either attached to a wall, being inferted in
seme part of it, or Hands off from the wall, so that the air
surrounds it. The one may therefore be called an inserted
column, the other an infulated one. For those houses are
called insulated, which {land distindl srom others, and are
surrounded by the air, as an island is by the sait water.

PLATE III. FIG. IF.

A column has three parts. The base B C ; the shaft CD;
the capital DE. The other parts you see in the drawing
are adjundfs of the column; at the bottom, below is the
pedestal A B, above, the architrave EF, with the freeze F G,
and the cornice G H; which three parts are comprehended
under the Angle term entablature E H ; the column with the
pedestal is termed the columnation AE. By the side os the
column in arched work imposts are placed supportsng the vault
of the intercolumniation, as II. The figure M sihaped like a
wedge represents the stone placed in the middle of the arch.,
and is called the key~stone.

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