OF THE ELEMENTS OF
to refer to intercolumniations which are straight, in arched
ones the spaces betv/een the columns are much more exten-
sive, nor have they any term to distinguish them.
The same othervation holds with respedi to the lowest
order of columns where they are many. In this case the
intercolumniations of the superior orders should be equal to
those of the lowest : though elsewhere this circumstance
would militate against rule.
BOOK I. CHAP. IT.
OF THE THREE ORDERS.
§. I. TN the familiar language of Architect, the terms,
A kind and order, are synonimous, and the number
of the orders is five; the Tuscan, Doric, Ionic, Corinthian,
Roman, or Composite. But to distinguish the terms, kind
and order, we shall only call three os them orders, namely,
the Doric, the Ionic and the Corinthian, being the most
antient, and invented by the Grecians. The rest we shall
§. 2. The Doric order invented by the Dorians is of a ro-
bust and manly appearance : wherefore in the works of anti-
quity the pillar was without a base, as men were supposed to
walk with bare feet. Afterwards the attic base was added,
which indeed gives a great beauty to the order.
The height of the pedestal is 4: 20. the trunk has a square
face; the column when insulated is high 16: 00. when in-
serted 17 : 10. The shaft may be ssuted. In the capital the
great ring is called the hypotrachelium or neck. The inter-
columniations are diastyle. The entablature is generally the
fourth part of the height of the shaft or nearly.
In tire cornice Triglyphs are sculptured, an ornament pecu-
liar to this order. They constst of three shanks, EFG, and