Aldrich, Henry; Smyth, Philip [Übers.]
The Elements Of Civil Architecture: According To Vitruvius And Other Ancients, And The Most Approved Practice Of Modern Authors, Especially Palladio — London, 1789 [Cicognara Nr. 395]

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CIVIL ARCHITECTURE. 27

compicuous itselfj and does not hide the Cymatium, placed
upon it. The Icience of optics dictated this rule, and others
of the same kind, which in the works of the antients call for
our praise and imitation.

§. 5. IV. Variety is agreeable, if not repugnant to the
rules already admitted. The helices* in the Pantheon, in the
Temples of Jupiter Stator, and that of Diana at Nismes, are
worthy of imitation, though construcfed in different uncom-
mon Ryles : such a variety is agreeable to the caprices of Na-
ture ; but those which imitate the horns of rams in the Baths
os Dioclesian deviate much from propriety and elegance. At
Nismes, instead of the uppermost reglet of the cornice is an
echinus underneath, the mutules are inverted. In the Temple
of Jupiter Tonans, one of the two echines in the cornice is
carved in an uncommon manner. In the Temples of Peace,
Jupiter, and Mars, instead of the lima redfa of the archi-
trave, an echinus is put under the scotia. In the Temple of
Fortuna Virilis the height of the entablature is regular, but
hals of it is given to the cornice. In the Temple of Jupi-
ter Stator the same circumstance occurs, and in both the se-
cond fascia only of the architrave is carved. In the Temple of
Vella at Rome the horns of the abacus are not Ihortened. In
her Temple at Tivoli, the ends of the channels and the cavity
of the trochjle or casement are not round but square : but all
these deviations are saultless. In proper places the fancy os the
artist wanders secure from error,

§. 6. V. The idea of fitness should above all things be at-
tended to : for this reason the ancients carefully attended to the
suitableness os a column to its edisice, and of the ornaments to
their columns. The Ionic column had not been found in the

* Helices, the curling stalks under the ssowers in the Corinthian Order. From
|ke Qjxek- word EXcrcnw. Volvo.

f D 2 Temple
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