Aldrich, Henry; Smyth, Philip [Übers.]
The Elements Of Civil Architecture: According To Vitruvius And Other Ancients, And The Most Approved Practice Of Modern Authors, Especially Palladio — London, 1789 [Cicognara Nr. 395]

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of the most Ample constru&ion. I imagine therefore thefe
floors were made of earth rammed down till it became firm
and compact* or v/ith bones (as we see often in the country)
or {tones driven into it. But these pitched or barbaric ssoors,,
from their vague signisication, may, i apprehend, include ssoors
of platter. 2. Platter ssoors are made of pounded bricks
and coarse sand, with a mixture of lime. 3. Those ssoors I
term codilia which are laid with bricks or tiles. 4. Those
lapidea made with hewn ttone. 5. Lignea, those that are
made with boards joined together, such as are at present mostly
used. 6. Tesselated and Mosaic ssoors are these which are
composed of small pieces of marble, shell or glass, in the shape
os lozenges, &c. stained with disserent colours, and arranged
so as to represent painting or pictures. On account of the
variety os their materials, ssoors were called Uthojirota, hyalo-
Jtrota, ceroftrota, xylojlrota, * tic, At sirst these materials
were confined to pavements or ssoors, afterward they were
transferred srom the ground to vaulted ceilings.

The subtegulanea, or ssoors made of tiles, come under the
deseription of the above, and likewise other obsolete pave-
ments. For an account of these, and ssoors exposed to the
open air, (which are not to be sound in England, but are sre-
quent in warmer climates) see Pliny, Nat. Rist. Book xxxvi.
Chap. 25.

§. 5. Cielings are likewise construcled in various forms;
in some that are ssat, the timbers of the story placed over them
are open to the view ; in this case the distance of the timbers
from each other should be sesquialteral of their thickness ; a
greater distance would be injurious to the beauty of the del-
ing, a less to the strength of the wall. But for the most part
the timbers are concealed by wainseot or stucco; both which
may be either left plain, or adorned with paintings, or any

* Ai5e?s laid with stone ; vkAoc, with, gilt; with horn 5 %u\ov} with


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