0.5

1 cm

38 OF THE ELEMENTS OF

and its posFessor, or its use. Palladio agrees with Vitruvius

that the height from the ssoor to the ceiling should be divided

into three parts and a hals, that two parts should be given

to the height of the aperture, and to its breadth one, after

deducting from it the twelsth part of the height. M. Muet

proposes the leas!: breadth of the principal door to be seven

feet and a half, the largest twelve feet. The height to be

one and a half of the breadth, or rather the double of it.

With regard to rooms, Palladio has laid down these rules for

the doors : the leasl breadth of the aperture should be two

feet, the greatest three feet, and the height agreeable to the

leas!:, five seet; to the greatest, six and a half. M. Muet

is of opinion that the least breadth should be two feet and a

half, and the height, suitable to it, five and a half. The

breadth, from three to sour feet, requires the height to be

twice as much. In a royal palace the breadth of five or six

feet may be allowed to the opening, and the height may be

double of it, or sometimes less than double by a fifth or

fourth part of the breadth.

§. 4. Vitruvius being silent on the subjedl of windows

and their strudlure, Palladio lays down these rules. Great

care is to be taken (says he) that the openings of windows

be not wider or narrower than is proper. Let not their

breadth be less than a fisth, or greater than a fourth, part of

the breadth of the apartment: and their height be double

their breadth, with an additional sixth part of it; and if there

be more stories than one, the height of the lower one, dimi-

nished by a sixth part of it, will give the height of that next

above.

Windows, though belonging to rooms of unequal dimen-

sions, yet, is in the same story, should themselves be equal: to

contrive this, and that the architedl may adhere without dif-

ficulty to the rules of symmetry, let there be in the story a

room, the length os which exceeds its breadth by two thirds.

Let

and its posFessor, or its use. Palladio agrees with Vitruvius

that the height from the ssoor to the ceiling should be divided

into three parts and a hals, that two parts should be given

to the height of the aperture, and to its breadth one, after

deducting from it the twelsth part of the height. M. Muet

proposes the leas!: breadth of the principal door to be seven

feet and a half, the largest twelve feet. The height to be

one and a half of the breadth, or rather the double of it.

With regard to rooms, Palladio has laid down these rules for

the doors : the leasl breadth of the aperture should be two

feet, the greatest three feet, and the height agreeable to the

leas!:, five seet; to the greatest, six and a half. M. Muet

is of opinion that the least breadth should be two feet and a

half, and the height, suitable to it, five and a half. The

breadth, from three to sour feet, requires the height to be

twice as much. In a royal palace the breadth of five or six

feet may be allowed to the opening, and the height may be

double of it, or sometimes less than double by a fifth or

fourth part of the breadth.

§. 4. Vitruvius being silent on the subjedl of windows

and their strudlure, Palladio lays down these rules. Great

care is to be taken (says he) that the openings of windows

be not wider or narrower than is proper. Let not their

breadth be less than a fisth, or greater than a fourth, part of

the breadth of the apartment: and their height be double

their breadth, with an additional sixth part of it; and if there

be more stories than one, the height of the lower one, dimi-

nished by a sixth part of it, will give the height of that next

above.

Windows, though belonging to rooms of unequal dimen-

sions, yet, is in the same story, should themselves be equal: to

contrive this, and that the architedl may adhere without dif-

ficulty to the rules of symmetry, let there be in the story a

room, the length os which exceeds its breadth by two thirds.

Let