Aldrich, Henry; Smyth, Philip [Übers.]
The Elements Of Civil Architecture: According To Vitruvius And Other Ancients, And The Most Approved Practice Of Modern Authors, Especially Palladio — London, 1789 [Cicognara Nr. 395]

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44

OF T FI E ELEMENTS OF

to his occupation—not far from the river, if any ssows neap
the city; at a dislance from a tallow-chandler, g. brewer, a
soap-boiler, a butcher’s {hop, or any other business attended
with an unsavourv smell; far from the noise of the anvil, the
hammer and the saw; and, above all, (as Cato says) at a dis-
tance srom bad neighbours. In short, that spot is moft eligi-
ble in which you can construdl a regular house, that is, one
with right angles; where room, leisure and cleanliness may
be obtained, and you may procure to your house the advan-
tages os a rural situation. Is all the above conveniences can-
not be met with, it is prudent however to aim at as many as
possible. The same observation may extend to the other pre-
cepts.

In general there are three divisions os a city house. The
lower, some of whose parts are generally under ground ; the
middle one is consigned to the use of the owner and his
friends, and contains one or two {lories. The highest con-
sists of smaller rooms placed over the middle ones with solars,
if the roof admits of them.

§.2. In the middle part a more spacious room should be
construdfed, and if it contains two stories, another room not
less should be raised over that; the lower of these is by the
Italians called entrata, the higher sala, or saloon; wc
may call them entrance and hall. The halls should be as spa-
cious as may be, wherefore a square is preferable. The oblong
is the better the nearer it approaches to the square. Palladio
gives to none of then a length greater than double the
breath.

Adjacent to the entrance and hall, the large, small, and
middle sized rooms, together with the principal staircases,
should be so placed, that an easy and free paslage may be had
Into the entrance, hall, and other apartments of the same
story. Moreover rooms of different size should be placed
near one another, so as to be of mutual convenience,

III
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