In marking the proportions of these the architedl should
have an eye to the office and dignity os the pollessor. Men cf
ordinary fortune want not houses either large or magnificent.
Money lenders and inn holders wisn to have them convenient,
showy, and well secured from theives. Lawyers build them
with more elegance and space to receive their clients. Mer-
chants require rooms to Low their goods in; well defended,
and facing the north. Men in ofsice and noblemen demand
houses large, lofty, ornamented, and in short princely.
In a Lately mansion the height of the larger room is. such,
as to equal both the heights of the two lesser, by which means
one os them is placed over the other, by the side of the larger
room ; which circumLance in great houses is of much utility.
Rooms thus constructed, the Italians call amezata, of
halved; we may call them half Lories. These are seldom
sound in houses os moderate size; but in their Lead closets
are adapted to the larger apartments, each to each, if it may
conveniently be done.
The architect will likewise provide that each room has its
proper aspedt. Summer rooms mould sace the north, and
should be large and spacious for the sake os coolness. Picture
rooms with the same aspedt for the sake os a regular and conti-
nued light. Winter apartments should be less than summer
ones, and sace the weL, or rather the south, as they require
warmth. Rooms used in spring and autumn, likewise bed
chambers should face the eaL on account of the morning light.
For the same reason libraries should be to the eaL, and be-
cause that aspedt is moL favourable to the preservation of the
books. From the latter we ought to look into the pleasure
grounds. In a large house the chapel (as churches do)
should face the eaL ; so should also, in a smaller edisice, the
oratory which answers to the chapel. The architedtshould
)?e informed that in houses of any splendour an oratory and a
piusaeum are as requilite a§ a dining room or a bed-chambep.