served in each particular story : in the combination of them,
the fourth precept abovementioned should be attended to;
namely, that void should be over void, and walling over
§. 5. The chimney os every apartment, is it be placed in
the middle of the side will be an ornament, but this is not ne-
cessary especially in a bed room ; if it be placed in the corner
of an apartment the room will be enlarged by it, and a com-
mon shaft with four sunnels will accommodate as many chirrs-
Back flairs are useful in all houses ; where there are half sto-
rles they are necessary. The principal staircase should be
placed as we have before described ; and it will be disposed to
great advantage, if in the way to it the more beautiful parts
of the house may be seen.
Much grandeur and elegance would also be added to the
house by the eredlion of a pediment in the front; which,
though less usual in England, will be found in the plate.
B O O K. II. CHAP. II.
OF THE VESTIBULUM, OECUS, CAV/EDIUM, ATRIUM
§. I. TESIDES the apartments just mentioned, in the
JO palaces and noble edisices of the ancients the ves-
TIBULUM, OECUS, CAViEDIUM, ATRIUM, and PERISTYLIUM
were construdted. What is meant by the vestibulum I
cannot easily apprehend, so much do the writers of antiquity
disfer on this subjedt. Many moderns, with an appearance of
reason, think it meant a void space between the public way
and the doors of the house, as a kind of Handing place for the
visitors before they obtained admittance into the mansion.
Those who render the word by loggia, or a covered portico
encompassed with columns, give us a better idea of the con-