Aldrich, Henry; Smyth, Philip [Übers.]
The Elements Of Civil Architecture: According To Vitruvius And Other Ancients, And The Most Approved Practice Of Modern Authors, Especially Palladio — London, 1789 [Cicognara Nr. 395]

Seite: 48
Zitierlink: i
http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/aldrich1789/0167
Lizenz: Creative Commons - Namensnennung - Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen
0.5
1 cm
facsimile
4S OF THE ELEMENTS Of

venience and grandeur of those houses. The Greeks termed
the vestibulum but prothyra among the Romans

meant a bar or railing to keep the horses, carriages, &c«
from the vestibule. The Greeks called the latter thaS'uea.
To avoid cctnfusion we shall render vestibulum, loggia, the
void space before the door prothuron,* the rails diathy^

RON. f

The loggia, if one, was placed in the middle of the front
of the house; is two, at the Tides. Their dimensions were
made agreeable to the convenience and grandeur os the man-
sion, with this reslridtion, that their breadth should not be less
than ten seet or greater than twenty.

PLATE XXXII, XXXIII, XXXIV.

§. 2. The word oecus, as we have said besore, signifies a
room of extraordinary size, though it very frequently means an
entrance, hall, or dining room. Vitruvius mentions sour
kinds of them in such a way as to vary them into five species ;
he mentions the tetrastylon, two Corinthian ones, and
adds to these also the Cyzicene and/Egyptian.

Oecus tetrastylos is a room where four insulated co-
lumns support an upper story. It will be convenient to have
the entrance of this construction ; sor the sioor os the hall will
thus be made more secure, and by the advantage os the co-
lumns the height os the entrance may be made to agree with
the proportion of the other parts. See plate 32.

The Corinthian oecus is a room which, according to Vi-
truvius, has Tingle columns placed either on a poggio or base,
or on the ground; that is, columns in a Tingle row, and in-
ser ted in the wall, (see plate 33) either {landing upon pede-^
stals, as in the first: figure, or Handing on the ground, as in
the second, and for the sake of dilrindfion it is called Corinthi-
an ; each style is excellently adapted to a hall. The entabla-

* Prothuron in the Greek language signisying before the gate.

•s Diathuron, in the same language signifies near to the gate, &c.

sit re
loading ...