Aldrich, Henry; Smyth, Philip [Übers.]
The Elements Of Civil Architecture: According To Vitruvius And Other Ancients, And The Most Approved Practice Of Modern Authors, Especially Palladio — London, 1789 [Cicognara Nr. 395]

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CIVIL ARCHITECTURE,

59

The next design, which casually offers itsels, is taken srom
the third chapter of the same book. The lower rooms of
this edisice are only subterraneous in part, being railed five
seet above ground, so that they can receive no inconvenience
from the neighbouring river, and the higher stories com-
mand a more extensive prospect. The apartments above
ground consist of two stories ; the lower order is Doric, the
higher Ionic. In the lower a portico is extended through the
whole of the sront. All the apartments have their ceilings
vaulted ; in the larger ones, the height from the ssoor to the
sagitta is an arithmetical mean between 1 and L. The middle
sized rooms are of equal height with the others, with groined
vaults. The lesser rooms have entersoles with winding stair-
cases leading to them. In the second Order the hall is in the
middle of the front, and on each side is a lofty vestibule.
The height os these three rooms reaches to the roof. The
hall is as much larger than the entrance, as is the breadth of
the portico under it, and as it projects beyond the body of the
building, the angles of it are supported by double columns,

B O O K II. CHAP. IV.

OF A VILLA OR COUNTRY HOUSE, AND OF A HOUSE BUILT
IN THE SUBURBS OF A TOWN OR CITY.

§, i. HIT^HE term villa, taken in its sull sense, means a
X .country house with a farm annexed: but we
shall here understand no more by it than a house built for rural
retirement; in the sizg, situation, and strucfture of which the
plan of a farm house is not to be lost sight os. This ob-
servation resers in some degree to the rules sor the design, but
gives no latitude to the meaning os the term.

With respebt to the style os a villa, the antients agreed that
it should be such that the estate and the villa might mutually
accommodate each other. The situation mail convenient to

H 2 the
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