Aldrich, Henry; Smyth, Philip [Übers.]
The Elements Of Civil Architecture: According To Vitruvius And Other Ancients, And The Most Approved Practice Of Modern Authors, Especially Palladio — London, 1789 [Cicognara Nr. 395]

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OF THE ELEMENTS OF

the house is in the middle of the farm ; and near, if postible, to
a navigable river; is not, at least near a ssowing stream ; for a
sfagnated water should be avoided as a nuisance, especially if
It be frequented by swallows. The ancients, before they de-
termined on the spot of ground, examined the entrails of the
cattle that fed on the soil, and is they found their livers of a
livid colour, they immediately deserted the place. Atten-
tion is likewise to be given to the air, that it be pure and
wholesome, and we should chuse an elevated situation, to have
a free current of wind. We should avoid a valley enclosed
by hills, for in such a spot both the sun and wind will be
detrimental. Is you are obliged to build your villa on a hill,
let it have a temperate aspebt, and let it be placed at a dis-
tance from any other higher hill or rock that may be opposite
to it, lest it should be overshadowed by the hill, or srom the
ressebsion of the sun from the rock it should be scorched as it
were with two suns. The mature of the soil should be en-
quired into, the healthiness of which, as well as of the air
and water, may be discovered various ways; but these are to
be sought from adepts in natural history.

§. 2. The parts of a villa, according to Columella, are
three ; first, the mannon, where the master lodges ; second,
the rustic, in which the bailiff and labourers live, and where
the instruments of husbandry are preserved ; third, the grana-
ries, or places for storing the grain. The mansion house dif-
fers not materially in its dessgn from a private house in a ci-
ty. Let the granaries and rooms sor labourers sorm one con-
tinued range, and be joined in such a manner to the man-
sion, that the master may walk through the whole premises
under cover.

Let the bailiff lodge near the gate, and the labourers in a
place where they may guard the villa. You should remove
as far from the villa house as is convenient the oxen, horses,
and all beasts of burden, on account of the ill smell occassoned

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