Aldrovandi, Ulisse  ; Ambrosini, Bartolomeo   [Hrsg.]
Vlyssis Aldrovandi Patricii Bononiensis Mvsaevm Metallicvm In Libros IIII Distribvtvm — Bologna, 1648

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97% V lyssis Aldrouandi

Nero gladiatoriam pugnamper Smaragdum intucri consucuerir.Id etiamMarbodcus p
hisvcisibustestificatur.

HiS ■OiffmjsMulis tsUalurf.ima Kertmem,

CumGlatiUWszmf-nvii.-.iljidtiirtliheret,

Alijputanr Neroncm fuisfc quemdam antiquum Artificem ,& gemmarnm sculpto-
Ccmi JVs- rem,quiprimusomnium,ad vsumoinamentijSmaiagduLntraxcritJiincqiNeronia-
namgemmam tognominatamfuiiTc. ItaIisdicirurSmeraldo,G,illis Vue Esmcraude
Gcrmanis Ein Smaragd, Hispanis la Esmeralda pkdra, Iiidis,&Pcisis Pachea, Arabi-
bus Zamarrut,Scrapioni,& Pandcclario Tabarzct perpeiam vocatur.

rotsiaiia.

ORTVS, ET NATVRA.

I

rNTER omnesgemmasviremesnu]]apra;stantior,clegantior,&iucundiorSma-
igdoinucniturigratoenimsuo viroreoculorumaciemitademulccr.animumqj F
:arecreat,vthcrbarumquarumuisamcenitatcmIonge superet. QuocireaGcm.
rnarijhancscn.pcrscalpere, &polircdcsidcranr.Vndc hucrcspiciensMarbodcusnGn
immeritdcecinit.

Omnt lirenssupcraiforma virid&ttt Smarsgdns,

Gemma est pellucida.diaphana, vcncrea.S mercuriaiis, qua> vbicnmq; positasem-

pcr suum iulgcnrcm virotem iwidir, fuitqjsemper in summa digniratc .prctio, & cxi-

stimationc:ptopterea ab Anticjuis iili aliquid insculpi vctitum cst. Quinimd Antiqui-

tasfabuIatacst,adaugcndamhuiusgemma;authoritatem,SmaragdosScyrhicosom-

niumpretiosissimosinaurifodinisnaki,&indenon line magno vita: discrimine erui

f&balzj po.sse, cum Gryphes fcrocislima^Alites illic nidulcnrur: quamobrem Aiimaspi mono-

Cryphium. culi populismaiagdorumcupidijnonnisiatmismunitijadhuiusmodifodinasaccedut

.IdnonintactumreliquitMarbodcuscanens.

Prsdpntis! cythius btmor esi, &grmm maier,

Gryphibits eripiunt seruamibus hes Arimaspi, C

CommenrJaturtamcnSmaragdusScythicusduritieiniigniSjquio^edetentusfrigi-
dusappareat,&,adradiosSoiis, viridiiatemnon amittat. Tandemaugeturdigniras
huius lapidis, durn sarpiiisin sacro Codice roemoratur; nam quarto ioco ponitur iti-j
Apocaiypsi,&tcrtiolocointergemmasRationalis.

DIFFERENTIZE, ET LOCVS.

PLINI V S Smaragdi genera vltra duodecim reccnsuit,& iuxraordinem infra-
stripium ab iplo commendanrur,*nimirum Scythici,B,ictri,mi,Aegyptij,Cyprij,
Acthiopici, Peisici, Attici, Medici, Chalccdonki, Laconici, Cakosmaragdi,
quia>rcisvcnissuntmaculati,necnonPseudosmaragdidimidia parteSmaragdum,&
dimidia Iasp'dcm referenrcs.' Marbodeus quoq,pra;dic3um numerum in disfcrentijs
Smaragdi approbar hoc versu.

Huiits his tjitins speties, hin£s,feruntm. . F

Serapio tria gcnmmemorar, Smaragdii, Smaragdeum,&Pseudosmaragdu;quem-
admoduminterpreresvcrtunt.PerSmaragdum,diaphanum]apilIum,&intcnscviren-
temintelligunt.pci Smaragdcum ,obscuriorem,per Pseudoumragdum,ncaipenon
translticemem, ibisitan Prasium jhtcllcierunt.

NotlristemporibuSjSmaragdiinduplicidiscriminetantumcostituuntur. Aiijenim

Ori%ulis sutirOricnrales,alijOccidcntales. Orkntalcs suntdurisTimi,&virenri iucunditatc^j

ss ottide amcenislimi. Occidcntales in duas species subdiuidutitur, ncmp£in £uropcos,& Peru-

talis disst.- uiarios • Pcruiiianictiamsiviiidirareiucundascarcantinihikminus, vtcaTerinonra-

rtntU. diant,&plerumq;maculishincindcsunt inquinati,dc;ndc duririacarcnt, quaOrien-

talespossident. Arexvicinisregionibus pau'ddurioresatTeruntur,sed exiguamapud

Gemmarios authoritatem habent,quia adnigrcdincro inclinam,& cum Got plane viri-

des,Prasiovaldcaiu"miIantur. Europei,qiiiin Cypro, Jirirannia,aIijsqiiocishuiusge-

ncris rcpcriuntur, ignobiliorcs sunt, nisi duritiam, & tkganriam habueunt.

Sin
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