the lower world over which he presided, surmounted by the solar disks and two
plumes or tail-feathers of the hawk, to which several esoterical ideas were attri-
buted, as that they were his eyes, or the goddesses Isis and Nephthys, alluding
to his being Ilarnekht, the 'Powerful Horus' or 'Horus the son of Amen,'
referring to his reappearing in the world as the son of that deity. With that
was connected his name Qamutf, a mystical appellation, making him, Amen, and
Horus, the oldest and youngest of the gods or avatars. His form is mummied,
his right hand on his loins, his left raised behind a plinth, pierced: rude work,
•f in. high. Green porcelain.
99. Amen Ra, the principal deity of Thebes, forming with Mut and Chons
the Theban Triad. He was called the substance created at first, king of the
gods, lord of the Heaven, and the soul which emanated from the Nut or
celestial ether. He is human-headed, wearing the lower part of the crown
psxent, the tes'er or red cap, emblem of dominion of the lower country, sur-
mounted by the Sun's disk, dten, and two tall hawk's feathers, of which several
mystical explanations are given in the Ritual, that they represented the god-
desses Isis and Nephthys, or the eyes of the god. He wears a tunic, s'enti, round
the loins and is walking, his arms pendent and the left foot advanced : behind
is a ring. 1£ in. high. Bronze.
100. Amen Ra, walking, on a pedestal, left foot advanced, wearing ram's
horns at the side of his head, the lower cap, tes'er, on the head, placed on which
are the two tall hawk's feathers, a tunic, s'enti, round the loins, both arms pen-
dent ; plinth behind, pierced. f- in. high. Bright-blue porcelain.
101. Amen Ra, walking, human-headed, left foot advanced, arms pendent,
wearing the red cap, tes'er, and the two hawk's plumes above the cap, a s'enti
or tunic round the loins: behind is a plinth, pierced. If in. high. Pale-blue
102. Nit, or Neith, walking, on a plinth, wearing the lower crown, tes'er,
on her head, and a long head-attire, draped in a long garment, left foot ad-
vanced, the plinth behind up to the neck. This goddess, the Minerva of the
Egyptians, belonged to the Theban worship, daughter of Amen Ra and Mut,
mistress of women, the inventress of spinning and weaving. Her name signified
the shuttle, which was her emblem, and she was supposed to have invented the
loom. In connection with the worship of Amen, she seems to have been a form