393. Cat, mau, sacred animal, and emblem of the goddess Bast, or Bubastis,
wife of Ptah, and mother of Nefer-Atum, erect on a semi-oval pedestal, on
the back a ring for suspension: very coarse work; the ears broken off. 5 in.
high. Blue porcelain.
394. Cat, mau, sacred animal of Bast or Se^et, seated, upper part remaining.
1£ in. high. Blue porcelain.
395. Cat, mau, seated; emblem of the goddess Bast, or Bubastis, the
Egyptian Artemis, or Diana, one of the wives or companions of Ptah or
Hephaistos. The male cat was emblem of the Sun Ra, and this animal was
one of the most sacred in the estimation of the Egyptians; the left ear is
wanting ; ring behind. If in. high. Light-blue porcelain.
396. Cat, mau, seated erect on a pedestal; emblem of the goddess Bast,
the Bubastis of the Greeks, the sister of Se^et, or Merienptah, the companion
and wife of Ptah. The goddess Se^et was lion-headed, while Bast was always
represented with the head of a cat. This animal appears to have been univer-
sally worshipped throughout Egypt, and held more sacred than any other. It
was embalmed after death ; on the back a ring. \ in. long. Light-blue porcelain.
397. Cat, seated erect; the tail curled round at the side. It has been
used as the case for a mummy of that animal. It was the emblem of the
goddesses Sek'het and Bast, the goddesses of cats, and is upon a pedestal in
shape of the emblem Bas or the vase ^ which formed the name of the
goddess. 1 ft. 5 in. high, 8.£ in. wide. Sycamore wood.
398. Jackal, sabu, animal sacred to, and emblem of, Anepu or Anubis;
couchant, probably from the lid or cover of a sepulchral box. 8 in. long. Syca-
399. Jackal, sabu, emblem of the god Anepu or Anubis, who is almost
always represented with the head of this animal, instead of the human head.
One of the names of Anubis was Ap-heru, or Ap-matenu, ' opener of the ways,'
or ' paths' of the South and North, leading to the heavens. Jackals are also seen
at a later period drawing the bari, or boat and bier of the dead, and wearing
attached to their necks the keys of the doors of the upper and lower world or
hemispheres. The present specimen, which has been used for inlaying, represents
a jackal couchant; profile to the right, its head broken off. They were embalmed
at Thebes, and also at Siout or Lycopolis. 1-| in. long. Black steatite.