Birch, Samuel   [Hrsg.]
Catalogue of the collection of Egyptian antiquities at Alnwick Castle — London, 1880

Seite: 46
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sacred animals.

400. Jackal standard, emblem of the god Anup or Anubis, and Ap-heru,
the opener of the Roads or Paths, one of the titles and functions of Anubis ;
there being two Ap-herus, one over the North and the other the South. In
the funeral procession represented in the first chapters of the Ritual, one of
the priests carries a jackal standard, probably in allusion to this character of
Anubis, or that of embalming, over which that god presided. 1£ in. high. Bronze.

401. Hedgehog; an animal occasionally found represented in amulets and
toilet vases of a later period; perhaps sacred animal, or emblem of a deity,
but of which is not known ; on the back a ring : on the base in intaglio ]gg^
Sebak-ar, a proper name, or meaning unknown. 1 in. long. White-glazed steatite.

402. Hapi, or Apis, the bull sacred to the god Ptah, of which it was the
sacred emblem and animal, and supposed representation of the second life,
walking, both left feet advanced, on a rectangle or pedestal, wearing on his
head the solar disk between the horns. Triangular mark on the forehead, flying
vulture engraved on the shoulder and rump, housing on the body. 2£ in. long.

403. Rectangular plate ; on one side the bull Mnevis walking to the left,
the body marked by cross-lines going to the left, having a tie round the neck
ending in a lotus flower, emblem of the upper country: pierced and grooved
round the edge. § in. long, -| in. high. Green-glazed steatite.

404. A Bull, ha, walking; wearing a disk on his head, the solar disk
representing one of the sacred bulls, either Hapi or Apis, the avatars or second
life of the god Ptah; Mna or Mnevis, the bull sacred to the Sun at Helio-
polis; or Pacis, the lea hut, white bull, that of the god Khem, or Amsi, at
Thebes ; winged, and on a pedestal. -j in. long. Porcelain.

405. Ox, or cow, couchant; on a pedestal pierced lengthwise. -| in. long.
Red japan.

406. Ox, or cow, couchant; on a pedestal pierced lengthwise. •§• in. long.

Red cornelian.

407. Cow, aha; sacred animal, and emblem of the goddess Athor, espe-
pecially as the cow that produced the god Ra, or the Sun her first-born. The
cow wears on her head between the horns the disk of the Sun and two plumes,
and is walking on a rectangular pedestal: broken, on the back a ring, much
corroded. 1^ in. high. Bronze.
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