451. Similar human-headed hawk, § in. high. Same material.
452. Similar human-headed hawk, fine work, f in. high. Same material.
453. Similar human-headed hawk, fine work. § in. high. Same material.
454. Vulture, mau, flying; head turned to the right, emblem of the god-
dess Neneh or Nenesem, probably used for inlaying. In this attitude the
vulture represented victory in certain religious and other scenes. 1J in. long.
455. Vulture, mau, emblem of the goddess Mut, the mother goddess, the
wife of Amen, and second divinity of the Theban triad, her son being y_onsu
or Chons, above a ring for suspension. According to the 131st Chapter of the
Ritual a vulture of gold, or gilded, was ordered to be placed at the neck of
the dead, for which at an earlier period one of hard stone may have been
substituted. \ in. long. Lapis lazuli.
456. Ibis, hab, emblem of the god Tahuti or Thoth, seated on a pedestal,
devouring a frog: on the back a ring. This bird was worshipped throughout
Egypt, and its name hab meant the messenger, and Thoth who was the Hermes
and also the messenger of the gods. The meaning of this symbol devouring the
frog is unknown, as it does not occur except in these small porcelain figures.
1. in. long. Green porcelain.
457. Ibis, hab, sacred bird of the god Tahuti or Thoth, seated on a
pedestal, having a feather, emblem of Truth before it, on which it places its
beak; above is a ring, -g- in. long. Light-blue porcelain.
458. Similar Ibis, f in. long. Light-blue porcelain.
459. Duck, tarp, couchant, the head laid on its back, pierced. These objects
are often found in Egyptian necklaces, the meaning also unknown, as it does
not appear either in the Ritual, or the monuments. In Assyria ducks of this
type were thus employed in the form of stone weights. In Egypt they appear
only as ornaments, f in. long. Red jasper. ■
460. Crocodile, emsuh, on a pedestal, emblem and living emblem of the
deity Sebak or Souchis, one of the principal deities of the Pantheon worshipped
at Arsinoe, or Crocodilopolis. Many names were attached to this reptile, and in
the 88th Chapter of the Ritual it is one of the types assumed by the departed
in the future state. In other Chapters, (Ch. 31, 32,) the deceased turns back
the crocodiles who come to deprive him of his charms or amulets : the present