Birch, Samuel   [Hrsg.]
Catalogue of the collection of Egyptian antiquities at Alnwick Castle — London, 1880

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http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/alnwick1880/0080
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facsimile
amenophis iii.

59

500. Fragment in bas-relief from the wall of a tomb or temple,
it represents the march of a body of troops by the banks of a river. The
water is represented above their heads in a band with hatched or vandyked
lines coloured blue. The first figure, of which a portion is represented, stands
at the extreme right going to right, and the lower part, as of all the other
figures, is wanting. Between this figure and the following soldier is the
"queen of the upper and lower country Ra-ma-ka," the titles of Hatasu or
Hatsheps, the sister of Thothmes III. who reigned during his minority. The
soldiers all have short hair in close curls rounded below and tunics, s'entis,
round the loins. The first holds a leaf-blade adze or war-axe, in his left
hand a long spear, nabi, and buckler, alcam, in his right. The second raises
a war-hatchet aqhu or qaliu in his left, and holds a flabellum or standard,
vaibi, the upper part in shape of a lotus flower with hemispherical board from
which the feathers radiate, in his right. He is probably one of the officers of
the force—the standard-bearer, and similar officers are represented in other
tombs. The third soldier holds a scimitar, xePs'> ^n ^s hand, and a spear,
nabi, and buckler, aqam, in his right. The fourth holds a hatchet, aqhu, in his
left, and a saw, bas, or buckler in his right. The fifth holds a hatchet in his
left hand, and a spear and buckler in his right. The sixth holds a hatchet
in his left, and a flabellum, -^aibi, in his right hand. The seventh, who turns
round to look at the soldier who follows, holds a hatchet, aqhu, in his left,
and a spear, nabi, in his right. The eighth holds a hatchet, aqhu, by its head
in his left hand, and a weapon like a flail, or else a lantern suspended to a
pole, in his right hand. The ninth holds a recurved stick or boomerang in his
left hand, and a bow in his right.- He has a belt slung from his left shoulder,
probably to hold the quiver full of arrows. The tenth holds a scimitar in his
left hand, and a spear, nabi, and buckler in his right. The eleventh holds a
hatchet, aqhu, in his left hand, and a flail or weapon like the so-called holy
water sprinkler of the middle ages in his right hand. The lower part of these
figures is wanting, and the whole is in wrong perspective, as it is evident
that the offensive weapons such as the hatchets and scimitars were held in the
right and not the left hand, while the defensive or bucklers were the natural
weapons of the left, not the right hand. The scene intended to be represented
is part of that grand victorious army of Thothmes III. which, enrolled at the

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