Birch, Samuel [Hrsg.]
Catalogue of the collection of Egyptian antiquities at Alnwick Castle — London, 1880

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The objects in use for the Egyptian toilet consist of two classes; those em-
ployed for personal adornment, as head-dresses, wigs, or skull-caps, namms,
fillets or crowns, meh, often of flowers of water-plants twined round the head,
cones placed upon it, the collars circular such as the so-called usy, chains, al,
worn round the neck, studs, or ear-rings, dnx, worn by females in the ears,
pectoral plates, ut'a, suspended by chains in front of the neck, armlets and
bracelets, men-nefer en qabui, various kinds of sashes pendent from the nape of
the neck, girdles, rut, full garments chiefly of fine linen, generally white, but
sometimes coloured, basui, the common plaited tunic s'enti, and sandals, teb-ti,
of various shapes, sometimes approaching shoes, at other times with pointed
toes. Besides these, the Egyptians had signet rings, yatem, of gold, silver,
brass, and other materials, either solid or with revolving bezels, ta, on their
fingers. The jewelry of the Egyptians was not of the finest class, necklaces
of hard stones such as amazon stone, or green felspar, carnelian, jasper, agates,
crystals, lapis lazuli and onyxes being employed, but the nobler stones of
transparent character, rarely if ever found. Pastes or opaque glass imitating
jasper, turquoise, and lapis lazuli were extensively used in the Egyptian
quincaillerie. Leather was also occasionally employed, and for sepulchral
purposes the undertaker used porcelain and less valuable materials of a
thinner and flimsier fabric. The contents of ancient wardrobes are depicted on
the inside of the coffins of the 4th and following dynasties till the 11th.
Sandals do not appear to have come into use before the 5th dynasty.
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