Birch, Samuel [Hrsg.]
Catalogue of the collection of Egyptian antiquities at Alnwick Castle — London, 1880

Seite: 103
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1 cm


771. Metal mirror, un her, or tnaa her, with oblate circular disk, fitted by
a spike into a wooden handle in shape of a lotus column, or sceptre, xu> termi-
nating in the head of the god Bes, a common emblem or decoration of these
objects. 1ft. 1 in. high. Bronze and ebony1.

772. Disk of a mirror, oblately circular, and spike to fix it into the handle.
5-| in. diameter, disk 6 in. long. Bronze.

773. Disk of a mirror, broken, with impressions of cloth which has adhered
and in which it has been wrapped. 4 in. diameter. Bronze.


In connection with necklaces, bracelets and rings, a number of small objects
used as bezels, beads or pendants of these portions of attire are found. They are
principally made of glazed steatite, of a white, bluish or green colour, but some
of jasper, carnelian, and even amethyst are found. Their shapes vary, but not
very considerably, comprising human heads, symbolic eyes, hippopotami, lions,
hedgehogs, ducks, fish, frogs, flies, cowries, scarabsei and geometric forms, cylinders,
rectangles, ovals, squares. The cylinder was in use at a very early period, and
the names of kings of the 12th dynasty are often found upon this shape, but
the principal shape in use was the scarabseus standing on a small oval pedestal,
on which is engraved the device or hieroglyphic inscription in intaglio or
incuse hieroglyphs. These scaraba^i are often found as the bezels of signet
rings, set either in a small frame of metal round the edge, or with a
coiled wire as a spring on each side to hold them, but are sometimes mixed
up with other beads or objects, as pendants for necklaces, or even in rows as
bracelets. They are to be distinguished from the scarabosi of porcelain, which
were used for the outer beaded work or decoration of mummies. The scaraboeus
Xeper, or yeperu, was one of the most common of Egyptian emblems, and

1 Engraved. Sir G. Wilkinson's Manners and Customs. VoL in. p. 386, No. 415.
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