Birch, Samuel   [Hrsg.]
Catalogue of the collection of Egyptian antiquities at Alnwick Castle — London, 1880

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Besides the furniture and other objects of social life deposited in the tombs,
various viands and other eatables have been found, either by themselves or more
often in jars and vessels along with the other objects of personal adornment or
domestic life. The great variety of edibles is shown by the hieroglyphic
tables or cartes of food recorded in the tombs from the 4th to the 12th dynasty,
and also occasionally found in the sarcophagi of the same period. Of the
animal food, such as the calf, various kinds of goats and antelopes, used by
the Egyptians, very few, if any, examples have been found ; a few ducks have,
however, been discovered ready prepared for roasting, or else dried and salted
for use. Many kinds of cakes and bread have also been exhumed, the most
remarkable being a kind of bread or conserves of dates, nebs, and barley-bread,
ah, of various shapes, such as are mentioned in the lists before described. But
several fruits and seeds have been found deposited, like the bread, in baskets,
or in small vases, sometimes covered with a stopper of crude clay, over which
has been placed a linen wrap. Those hitherto known are chiefly of kinds still
existing in the flora of Egypt and Nubia, and comprise the following:—Fruit
of the mama, or doum palm, Hyphasne Thebaica, Delile; dates of the ordinary
palm, bener, Phcenix dactylifera, Linn.; figs of the sycamore, Ficus Sycomorus,
Linn., and the ordinary fig, Ficus Carica, Linn.; kernels and fruit of the
Balanites ^Egyptiaca, Delile; the fruit of the Mimusops Kummel, Llochst.;
those of the Juniperus Phcenicea, Linn.; the seeds of the Kicinus, of cucumbers,
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