Birch, Samuel [Hrsg.]
Catalogue of the collection of Egyptian antiquities at Alnwick Castle — London, 1880

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§11. TOOLS.

The tait

Besides the weapons found in the tombs, many tools have been discovered
therein deposited. At Sinai, and elsewhere in the Western desert, flakes of
flint have been discovered, supposed to have been used as knives or chisels.
The blades of the tools, however, are generally, if not always, of bronze, the
handles of sycamore and other woods; the hammers, always in shape of mallets,
were of wood. Some tools were wholly of bronze; iron is not found till the
Roman period. Models of tools were sometimes made and apparently deposited
with the dead instead of the actual tools used.

1477. Tool, perhaps for extracting some soft material, possibly a chirurgical
instrument. 3f in. long. Bronze.

1478. Flat spatula; use unknown, probably for smoothing or laying on some
material. 6| in. long. Bronze.

1479. Object in shape of a flat spatula; use unknown, and too thick to
be used as a razor. The handle is twisted. 3f in. long. Bronze.

1480. Similar tool or object: broken in three places. 4} in. long. Same

1481. Knife, thin blade, bow-shaped, with elegant handle terminating in
a papyrus flower. From the peculiar tenuity of this object it was probably
used as a razor, y_cd\ 4f in. long. Bronze.

1482. Model of a hatchet deposited in the tomb in the place of the
actual object, the blade of bronze attached to a handle of sycamore wood,
mer, by a fastening of linen. On the blade is incised a perpendicular line of
hieroglyphs, relating to these models having been used on the occasion of
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