Birch, Samuel   [Hrsg.]
Catalogue of the collection of Egyptian antiquities at Alnwick Castle — London, 1880

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tools.

measuring out or fixing the limits of a building or pylon, called Amen-sar-
akhu, or that of "Amen, arranger of the Horizon." Many models of these
different utensils employed on the occasion were found in baskets deposited in
a tomb at Thebes, and the thinness of the blades shows that they were models
and could not have been used as tools. The inscription on the present blade
reads, Neter nefer Ra men xePer Amenmeri ye,tf -pest set her Amen-sar xu>
" The good god, Ra-men-kheper, beloved of Amen; when were struck the stakes
in Amensarakhu1." 1 ft. 5 in. long. Sycamore wood and bronze.

1483. Model of an adze, satp. The blade of bronze, baa, the handle
of sycamore wood, mer or neha. The handle has the blade attached to it
by a gum or resin, and is secured by a narrow linen strap passed round
the upper part of the blade and handle several times, lashed and folded. The
handle is slightly curved and larger at the end. The adze, which was used by
the Egyptians for a plane, is represented in hieroglyphs as r—, nu, or j?—. satf,
if indeed the first hieroglyph does not represent the handle only of the instru-
ment, as the blade does not appear. With it is the original leathern strap of
maroon colour, by which the blade was secured. 8J in. long, 7% in. wide. Bronze
and sycamore wood.

1484. Model of a chisel, with flat bronze blade and handle of sycamore
wood, part of a similar set of tools to those already described. The blade
has been strengthened at the handle by a linen wrap, crossing so as to hold
it firmly in its place. On the handle, not the blade, is incised a line of
hieroglyphs, the same as that already cited on the blade of the hatchet—"The
good god Ba-men-kheper [Thothmes III.], when the cord was stretched in Amen-
sarkhu2." These chisels were called ab, and were part of the carpenter's set
of tools. It appears from the inscription that among the Egyptians tools had
familiar names, like dogs, horses, ships, and other objects among ourselves.
These will be more fully treated in the subsequent description of the adzes.
8^- in. high. Bronze and sycamore ivood.

1485. Model of a mortising chisel. The inscription on it the same as
that on the blade of the hatchet and handel of the chisel. It reads, " The

1 Perhaps it may be read, " when was extended the cord." Chabas, Etudes sur l'a?itiquite Mstorlque, Paris,
1873, p. 70. The name of the place appears to be that of one of the pylons erected by Thothmes III. at Karnak.

2 Cf. ISTo. 1482.
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