Birch, Samuel   [Hrsg.]
Catalogue of the collection of Egyptian antiquities at Alnwick Castle — London, 1880

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1 cm


1524. Heart, hati, or ab, gilded; ring above to attach, it to the outer
network of a mummy. It appears from a mummy of the Roman period of the
second cent, a.d., in the British Museum1, that these gilded objects were struck
in semi-oval frames, placed over the outer network of a mummy, and represented
the collar us^- These collars replaced, or were used instead of, the network of
bugles with figures of deities interspersed which was used at an earlier period.
The gilded figures belong really to the class of sepulchral amulets ordered to
be placed on the bodies of the deceased. 1 in. high. Sycamore wood.

1525. Papyrus sceptre, xu> or stud. -| in. high. Sycamore wood.

1526. Similar sceptre, or stud. ■§ in. high. Same material.

1527. Tat, or emblem of stability and emblem of Osiris as lord of the
region Tattu, when surmounted by the crown atf, consisting of an upright
rectangular column surmounted by four horizontal bars. It has been supposed
to represent the easel of a sculptor. It was, when in another material than
the present, one of the amulets ordered by the Book of the Dead, or Bitual2,
to be placed on the neck of the deceased. These objects were extensively used
in Egyptian art, either alone or more generally in combination with the buckle,
ta, and emblem of life, dnx- Those in porcelain formed part of the net or
beaded work which covered the shrouds of mummies. The present specimen
has four bars and a triple tie across the upright column. Behind is a plinth,
above a ring to suspend it. li in. high. Light-blue porcelain.

1528. Similar object. 1 in. higL Light-blue porcelain.

1529. Similar object. 1^ in. high. Same material.

1530. Similar object. 1 in. high. Same material.

1531. Similar object. 1 in. high. Same material.

1532. Similar object 1J in. high. Same material.

1533. Similar object. § in. high. Same material.

1534. Similar object. 1^ in. high. Same material.

1535. Similar object. 1J in. high. Same material.

1 Synopsis of Contents of the British Museum. Department of Oriental Antiquities, First and Second Egyptian
Rooms. 8vo. Lond. 1876, p. 59, No. 6714.

2 Lepsius, Todtenbuch. Taf. lxxv. chapter 155, called "the tat of gold," or gilded tat. This conferred the
benefit of allowing the spirit of the deceased to enter the doors of the tomb, his words are listened to in silence, a
place is given him there amongst the followers of Osiris on new year's day.
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