Birch, Samuel   [Hrsg.]
Catalogue of the collection of Egyptian antiquities at Alnwick Castle — London, 1880

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1 cm

hair is coloured black; the flesh of the men red, and of the women yellow;
The background is yellow. 11£ in. high, 6| in. wide. Calcareous stone.

1955. Sepulchral tablet, with a rounded top, hutu, in two divisions; adora-
tions to Osiris, and sepulchral worship for Nefermen. Above are the two
symbolic eyes, ut'a, the signet, yatem, or orbit, sen, the water line, s, perhaps
forming the complement of the word sen, and the basket determinative of the
word han.

In the first division, at the right side, is the shrine of Osiris, in which the
god is represented as seated on his throne, facing to the right. The shrine is
distyle, having two columns or pillars in shape of a lotus flower and two buds,
one pillar in front, and the other behind Osiris. Under the cornice is a row
of bunches of grapes, aloli, sacred to the deity, and connecting him as planter
of the vine with the Greek Dionysos or Roman Bacchus. Above the cornice
are ten ureei serpents, ara, each bearing on its head a solar disk. Osiris, seated
on his throne within the shrine, wears on his head the crown called atf, con-
sisting of a conical cap, resembling but not identical with the white cap, hut,
emblem of the upper world or Egypt, but when painted represented striped.
On each side of the atf is an ostrich feather, emblem of the two goddesses Ma or
Truth, in whose hall in Hades the final judgment was held, over which Osiris as
Khentamenti or Pentamenti the Pethempamentes presided in the character of the
Egyptian Pluto or Hades. His form is enveloped in bandages, mer-em-hebs, re-
cording his being made into a mummy by Isis; his face is bearded; his arms
come out of his bandages. In his right hand he grasps the whip, neyey, emblem
of his protective power, and in his left the crook, ah or haq, shewing that he
was a ruler or guider. Outside the shrine Nefermen stands offering a table of
offerings to the god. On the table are two circular cakes of bread, paut, an
oval loaf, ta, two gourds, a haunch, khepsh, a lotus flower, ss'nin, and two buds.
Under the table are two conical vases or stands, with lotus flowers twined
round them. These held wine, arp. Before the table, of larger proportions
than the other figures, and facing Osiris, stands Nefermen, the measurer of
corn, or sacrificer, for the word xc« 1 ^ ( (] ^s ^und having this meaning.
He wears a skull-cap, namms, and a conical sepulchral ornament on his head, a
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