Birch, Samuel   [Hrsg.]
Catalogue of the collection of Egyptian antiquities at Alnwick Castle — London, 1880

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1 cm

Sepulchral tablets, hutu, of wood, were of later introduction than those of
stone, and introduced not earlier than the 22nd dynasty, most of those discovered
in the tombs being of the 26th dynasty, about b.c. 650 and later. They are
made of sycamore wood, covered with plaster, sometimes laid on linen glued on
the surface, and painted with colours in tempera, generally having pictures or
vignettes and inscriptions in hieroglyphs. They were of the usual shape of the
Egyptian tablet, rounded above and square below, and were sometimes surmounted
on the top by a figure of the human-headed hawk, ta, fixed by a plug to the
middle of the rim or round portions. Sometimes the tablet was retained upright
by being placed on two small flights of steps, which kept it in a perpendicular
position. They are more rarely of a square or rectangular shape, like that of
a pylon or doorway with cornice. The pictures on these tablets are the same
as those on the stone. They sometimes consist of three divisions, although
generally of one. The deceased attended by his mother, wife, sister, or some
other member of the family, is represented adoring the Boat of the Sun Ra,
and its attendant deities, as it traverses the heavens, or else the solar and infernal
deities, as T\a, or the rising Sun, Turn or Tomos, the setting luminary, Sekar or
Socharis, the Sun or Ka of the lower world, and a form of the god Ptah, Osiris,
the judge of the Karneter or Hades, and his companion deities Isis, Nephthys,
Horus, Anup or Anubis, the four inferior deities or genii of the Karneter, i. e.
Amset, Hapi, Tuaumutf, and Kabhsenuf. Sometimes the vignette of the 125th
chapter of the Ritual, or the final judgment of the dead, is represented. The Hut
or winged solar disk is often seen above the picture, and at the sides the jackals,
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