Birch, Samuel   [Hrsg.]
Catalogue of the collection of Egyptian antiquities at Alnwick Castle — London, 1880

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§ 23. SEPULCHRAL ALTAR, OBELISK,

AND PYRAMIDION.

Besides sepulchral tablets, other monuments of a similar nature were placed in
the tombs ; the chief of these were obelisks, found in sepulchral chambers as
early as the 4th dynasty, and represented at the later period of the 26th dynasty
as standing along with the sepulchral tablets before the door or entrance of the
grave; Pyramidia, which were either dedicated to the Sun and the solar gods
or else used for sepulchral purposes ; and altars, which often are inscribed with the
same dedications as the tablets. The altars commence about the period of the
12th dynasty, and continue as late as the Ptolemies. The pyramidia are about
the age of the 19 th and succeeding dynasties.

1983. Sepulchral altar, hetep; in the, middle are two concave receptacles in
the shape of cartouches, two vases of libations, Icabh, a water-flower and two
buds; above are four circular cakes, two baskets or calathi-shsiped vases, and
two vases of the shape used in the hieroglyphs as determinative for wine. It
has a spout with a channel. 1 ft. 3 in. square, 12-j- in. high. Calcareous stone.

1984. Sepulchral obelisk, teJchen, or beriberi, such as were placed before the
entrances of the sepulchres. It appears to have been made for a prince named
Baba, son of a royal wife of the second class named Aurra. He probably
lived about the period of the 12th dynasty1. The front of the obelisk has
a scene representing the deceased Baba wearing a cap, namms, collar, usx, and
tunic, s'enti, seated on a chair, man, with lion's feet and cushion, aft, receiving
a purification from the superintendent of the throne, Amen-em-ha, who stands

1 His name is given in Lepsius, Kbnigsb., Taf. xni. No. 187.
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