above the enormous fallen masses which surround it.
The central temple, on the eastern hill (marked E, Plate T.),
is situated about two hundred feet to the south of the great
temple. This antiquity is in a very ruined state ; most of the
squared stones used in the walls of the cella have been carried
away, and it was only by making very considerable excavations
that the plan was correctly ascertained. It is hexastyle-peripteral,
with fourteen columns on the sides. At the east end is a double
portico, behind the inner columns of which are the foundations
of the pronaos or vestibule; this appears to have been inclosed by
bronze gates or doors, as the grooves in which they turned are
still distinctly marked in the pavement. The chamber behind
the cella possibly served as the adytum, or perhaps the treasury.
The cella of this temple is extremely narrow, occasioned by the
great width of the peristyles. The metopes of the eastern
front only were sculptured, and their fragments form part of the
subject of this work, and are shewn in the Plates III. and IV.
The cornice of the pediments was found buried among the ruins ;
it is enriched with the inlander and other ornaments, very
slightly relieved, and painted red and blue.
In the course of the excavations which we judged it neces-
sary to make in this temple, we had the opportunity of examin-
ing the foundation of one of the side walls of the cella. We
found four courses of masonry under the pavement, each course
about one foot four inches in height, and immediately under the
lowest course was a layer of sand, about four inches deep, placed
upon the solid rock.