GLASGOW ARCHiEOLOG 1CAL SOCIETY.
especially when exhibited in embellished perfection in Bishop
Gibson's edition1 of Camden's "Britannia," is certainly calculated
to convey impressions which are not in any degree confirmed by
an inspection of the actual remains.
AAA. A ditch of twelve foot wide before the WaU, totvards the
B B. A wall of squared a)ld cut stone, two foot broad ; probably
higher than the wall to cover the Defendants, and to
keep the Earth of the wall from falling into the Ditch.
C C. The Wall it self, of ten foot thickness ; but how high, not known.
D D. A paved way close at the foot of the wall, five foot broad.
E E. Watch-towers within a call one of another, where Centinels
kept watch day and night,
p j,\ The wall of square stone going through the breadth of the Wall,
just against the Towers. .
G G. A Court of guard, to lodge a sufficient number of soldiers
against all sudden Alarms.
11. The body of the Bampire, with an outer-wall of cut stone, higher
than the Bampire, to cover Soldiers.
K. The Void within for the Soldiers Lodgings.
Timothy Pont's "Draught."
Alexander Gordon's " Itinerarium Septentrionale," published in
1726, a work of permanent value and worthy of the highest
respect, contains the first detailed account. He had traversed
the wall from sea to sea, trailing behind him a Gunter chain, and
sedulously making measurements and notes. He had followed
the fosse for more than half its course before he detected any
signs of the vallum2—a fact which, all things considered, is a little
one, and at Cailly-bee, that is the Dick wood ovir against the Croyhill, on the
top of the Bar-hill a great one, and at Balchastel over against the Bar-hill, at
Achindevy, at Kirkintillo, at East Caldar, at Hiltoun of Gaidar, at Bal-muydie,
at Simmerstoun, and ovir Kelvin river, at Carreston, at Achter-minnie, at the
Roeh-hil ovir agains the Westerwood at Bankir, ovir agains Castel Cary, at
Dunvass." Blaeu's Atlas, vol. vi. (French ed., p. 6).
1 Britannia (1695), p. 959. "The manner of the wall," says Gibson, "will he
more easily apprehended by this draught of it, taken from the papers of Mr.
Timothy Pont (who had exactly traced it), and the observations of some others
who after him had taken the pains to describe it."
2Itin. .Sept., p. 58. [Not far from Bonnybridge] "I met with a circumstance
belonging- to the wall, which, from Kirk-Patrick, where it began, to this place, I
could never observe before, namely, the vestige of a great agger or rampart placed
to1 the south of the fosse."