0.5

1 cm

THE ANTONINE WALL REPORT.

55

way. The section of the vallum is 18 inches deep, measuring from

the grassy surface to the top of the stone base. The kerbs are of

whinstone, the width of the base between their respective outer

faces being 16 feet. The bottoming is of rough stone. The soil

is red earth, with traces of a whitish sandy admixture. The

layering is manifest, as there are three black intermittent

lines passing across. They are not protracted beyond the

kerbs. The berm is 27 feet wide, with a fall of 6 feet

between the crown of the vallum and the top of the scarp.

Exactly in a line with this cutting, there is a great dolerite

block, apparently in situ, projecting from the scarp of which it

forms a large part. It is 13 feet by 7 by 7, and has a large piece

broken or weathered off, making a sharp angular, break in its

contour. The fosse is here 38 feet wide and 10 feet deep, and

has many large stones in and about it. The top of the counter-

scarp is about a foot lower in level than the top of the scarp.

The outer mound has a flattish top, which does not fall much

for 20 feet from the edge of the counterscarp, when a steep

descent begins. In 38 feet from that point, it falls about 16 feet,

reaching the natural surface at a point about 58 feet from the

counterscarp.

Near the section, there are many large stones. One, 11 yards

west, on the side of the scarp, is 8 feet by 6 by 4|, and has,

close beside it, another which is 6 feet by 6 by 4J ; and

yet another, near at hand, has slipped from its place and hangs

half way down the counterscarp. The last is roughly circular,

measuring fully 4 feet 6 inches in diameter. Here the ditch is

36 feet wide and 9 feet deep. The lie of the ground is much the

same as at the point opposite the section (Croy No. 4), and the

outer mound is not dissimilar in dimensions and shape. Its top

is horizontal for 9 feet from the counterscarp, when there

commences a fall of about 18 feet in 48—the apparent natural

level being reached about 57 feet north of the counterscarp.

The ground at the foot of the northern slope of the outer mound

all along, opposite the sections from Croy No. 1 up to Croy No. 5,

is a somewhat boggy hollow, which is continued for a short

distance at a higher level after passing Croy No. 5.

55

way. The section of the vallum is 18 inches deep, measuring from

the grassy surface to the top of the stone base. The kerbs are of

whinstone, the width of the base between their respective outer

faces being 16 feet. The bottoming is of rough stone. The soil

is red earth, with traces of a whitish sandy admixture. The

layering is manifest, as there are three black intermittent

lines passing across. They are not protracted beyond the

kerbs. The berm is 27 feet wide, with a fall of 6 feet

between the crown of the vallum and the top of the scarp.

Exactly in a line with this cutting, there is a great dolerite

block, apparently in situ, projecting from the scarp of which it

forms a large part. It is 13 feet by 7 by 7, and has a large piece

broken or weathered off, making a sharp angular, break in its

contour. The fosse is here 38 feet wide and 10 feet deep, and

has many large stones in and about it. The top of the counter-

scarp is about a foot lower in level than the top of the scarp.

The outer mound has a flattish top, which does not fall much

for 20 feet from the edge of the counterscarp, when a steep

descent begins. In 38 feet from that point, it falls about 16 feet,

reaching the natural surface at a point about 58 feet from the

counterscarp.

Near the section, there are many large stones. One, 11 yards

west, on the side of the scarp, is 8 feet by 6 by 4|, and has,

close beside it, another which is 6 feet by 6 by 4J ; and

yet another, near at hand, has slipped from its place and hangs

half way down the counterscarp. The last is roughly circular,

measuring fully 4 feet 6 inches in diameter. Here the ditch is

36 feet wide and 9 feet deep. The lie of the ground is much the

same as at the point opposite the section (Croy No. 4), and the

outer mound is not dissimilar in dimensions and shape. Its top

is horizontal for 9 feet from the counterscarp, when there

commences a fall of about 18 feet in 48—the apparent natural

level being reached about 57 feet north of the counterscarp.

The ground at the foot of the northern slope of the outer mound

all along, opposite the sections from Croy No. 1 up to Croy No. 5,

is a somewhat boggy hollow, which is continued for a short

distance at a higher level after passing Croy No. 5.