GLASGOW ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY.
under Croy Nos. 3 and 5, may be explained if it were certain
that at these points the work had passed through such knolls.
Appearances are in the present section distinctly favourable to
this view, for there is a knoll, and the fact of an abnormality
across the ditch also tends to corroborate the suggestion.
Part of the vallum near this bears signs of some previous
archaeological investigation, for a distance of 16 feet of the line
of the south herbs lies exposed, evidently by comparatively recent
human agency. The kerbs are of whinstone, and the distance
between the two faces is 14 feet. The soil is red earth with
indications of the whitish clay. The layering is far from distinct,
as the section is so shallow; but one black line is traceable. A
few cuts with a spade, about 20 feet off, revealed the kerbs and
the layering—three black lines with reddish and whitish soils
between. The berm is 23 feet wide. The ditch is 38 feet wide
and 8 feet deep. A large stone, 5 feet by 4, occupies an upright
position on the side of the counterscarp more than half way
down. The outer mound is broader and flatter than heretofore
and not so high in proportion. It is spread out flat for 40
feet, although swelling at one place to a rounded top; then it
descends 2 feet in 10, at which point, 50 feet north of the counter-
scarp, the natural level appears to be reached, which, it will be
observed, is very little below the level of the berm.
On all sides here, the fosse is full of stones. About 27 yards
east of the section, a boulder, 12 feet by 8 by 7, forms the face of
the scarp, whilst across the ditch, half way up the counterscarp,
there is another of 7 feet by 5, and a few feet further west
another, 10 feet by 4|, lies midway down the counterscarp.
About 29 yards further west than the section, 48 feet east of
the stone dyke, and 57 feet south of the vallum, a beautiful
example of the military way is laid bare. Like that described
under Croy No. 2, it has a foundation stratum of moderately
sized stones, over which there is laid, in careful convex, a surface
of small and broken stones bearing traces of some wear. The
curve is very fine and the roadway as a whole very compactly
constructed and evenly dressed on the surface. There are no
squared kerbs. The terminal stones at the sides are not
prominent, and are of the same character as the other stones