Glasgow Archaeological Society   [Hrsg.]
The Antonine Wall report: being an account of excavations, etc., made under the direction of the Glasgow Archæological Society during 1890 - 93 — Glasgow, 1899

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THE ANTONINE WALL REPORT.

75

50 feet west of this section (No. 11) where the berm (of 62
feet) is nearly horizontal, the perpendicular depth to the bottom
of the ditch is 50 feet. The dimensions further west are as
under:—

Fall in slope of Perpendicular depths
Point. Width of Berm. Berm from south from top of rocky scarp

to north. to bottom of ditch.

120 feet west of section

Croy No. 11, - 60 feet

10 feet

34 feet

270 do. - 61 „

18 „

35 „

360 do. - 60 „

15 „

25 „

Opposite section Croy





No. 12,- - - 77 „

13 „

25 „

41 feet west of section





. No. 12, - - - 78 „

10 „

25 „

Opposite corner of stone dyke,



17 „

All along, the rock face is nearly sheer perpendicular, and the
ditch, whilst its outer lip or counterscarp is perceptible, is much
encumbered with debris. West of section 12, however, it again
becomes sufficiently distinct, as does also the outer mound.

A Later Description, August, 1893.

Opportunity has been afforded for further observations
through the re-opening of this section (Croy No. 11), in July
last, on the occasion of the memorable, gratifying, and instruc-
tive journey along the wall made by General Von Sarwey,
Military Director of the German Limes Commission, accom-
panied by Professor W. M. Ramsay and Mr. Haverfield, and
escorted by members of the Glasgow Archaeological Society
and its special committee. The face of the section now laid
bare shows the layering of the soils throughout with great
distinctness. We shall deal first with the vallum, and then
with the swelling or expansion already referred to. The
cutting, as now open, discloses a much more extensive series
of layers in the vallum than was visible before. This is due
partly to the fact of a fresh face of soil being exposed, and
partly to the fact that the section formerly did not stand
long enough open to allow the bleaching processes of rain and
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