We owe to M. GolenischefF a catalogue of unrivalled excellence
(Inventaire) of the Egyptian Antiquities in the Museum of the Her-
mitage at St. Petersburg. Some of the papyri are of the highest
importance;, and there are many objects ofi great interest in the
The guide (Fuhrer) to the Exhibition of the Eainer papyri is a most
valuable work, especially for the Byzantine and early Arabic periods.
It sums up the results of studies in the great collection carried on
during many years by its learned director, Professor Karabacek, and liis
assistants, Professor Krall and Dr. Wessely. The history of the intro-
duction of paper into the West and the death-blow that it gave to the
use of papyrus as a writing material is especially interesting.
In the collection of Lord Amherst of Hackney, at Didlington Hall,
Norfolk, are some diminutive but curiously useful fragments of papyri,
which have done good service by indicating the nature of the lost
portions of some large rolls in the Berlin Museum, to which they
originally belonged. The}7 have been utilized by the present writer in
" Fragments of Old Egyptian Stories," published by the Society of
Biblical Archasology. A larger series is connected with the much-
debated Faiyutn Papyrus. It is hoped that they will all soon be
published in facsimile.
Many years ago a long Etruscan text on the linen wrappings of a
mummy was brought from Egypt and deposited in the Museum at
Agram ; but until Professor Krall examined it, no one guessed in what
language it was written. Professor Krall has now published the unique
manuscript (in the Memoirs of the Royal Academy of Sciences at
Vienna), with a complete index of the Etruscan words by Dr. Deecke.
It is hardly necessary to say that, with a few exceptions, the meaning of
these is entirely unknown.
The Ninth International Congress of Orientalists, held in London last
September, was attended by many distinguished native and foreign
Orientalists. The Egyptian section was presided over by Mr. Renouf,
with Mr. Percy Newberry as secretary. Dr. Karabacek, keeper of the
collection of papyri belonging to the Archduke Rainer at Vienna, was
present, and distributed amongst the scholars in the section a number
of copies of the first part of the Guide to the Collections, specially
printed for the occasion. Much sensation was caused by the exhibition
of a fragment of a papyrus of the Septuagint from Egypt, supposed to
be of the 2nd century a.d., but since discovered to be later. The other
papers relating to Egypt were of less general interest.