Pkogkess of Egyptology.
with interest to the publication of the texts. Tombs of the Middle
Kingdom, or, perhaps, even of the Old Kingdom, were found near
Mr. Fraser, who has been carrying on researches under M. de Morgan's
scheme, gives me the following particulars of his season's work:—
Acting under instructions from M. de Morgan, he settled in December
at Tehneh (on the east bank, north of Minyeh). Here he copied two
Romano-Egyptian tombs, and cleared a long flight of steps leading to
the northern one. The city walls were examined, the town planned, and
all inscriptions that could be found were copied, including one of Domi-
tian on an altar. Working southward, he surveyed the quarries and hills
from Gebel et Ter to El Hawateh, with a breadth of three kilometres into
the desert, making altogether about thirty square kilometres surveyed.
A curious group of mastaba-like tombs of the IV-Vth Dynasty, cut in
the rock south of Tehneh, were carefully surveyed and the inscriptions
copied; the slab-roofs of two were restored, and the tombs provided with
At El Hawateh the ravine was planned, and a stela of Rameses III.
drawn. At Kum el Ahmar the tomb of Nefersekheru was cleared and
copied, and a door put up.
Having surveyed so far, Mr. Fraser inspected all the remaining sites
between Kum el Ahmar and Asyut. At Sheikh Gabir, just north of
Kau el Kebir, the early tombs were found to be suffering defacement;
the entrances of three of them were therefore closed with rubble. The
tombs of Zau and Aba at Dor el Gebrawi were cleaned and restored, and
doors put up in them.
Publication op Texts.
The activity displayed by Societies and individuals in publishing new
or partly new texts has been enormous. Although this form of activity
is almost confined to the representatives of the French and English
schools in Egypt, yet at the present rate it seems as if most of the monu-
ments in that country would be recorded in detail within the next ten
years. On the other hand, it must be recollected that there is a great
deal of double publication, and that even now nearly all the work of this
kind is of a temporary character; in fact, in spite of constant improve-
ment, it is hardly possible to find a single piece of work that approaches
in convenience of form and in thoroughness to a standard which would
ensui-e its permanence. Texts hurriedly copied are hurriedly edited