Progress of Egyptology.
behold there was no water on the .... of the channel (when the Nile was very
low), and I moored at the pyramid Kha-nefer of Merenra in peace. All things
had come to pass according to the command which the majesty of my lord had
A commission to ease the navigation in the reyion of the cataract, and to
increase the facilities for procuring granite.
His majesty sent me to cut five channels in the South, and make three broad
boats and four transports of the acacia of the Wawat. Behold, the princes of
Arerthet, "Wawat, Aam, and Meza were felling (?) wood for them. I did all in
one year, and floated (the boats) laden with very much granite for the pyramid
Kha-nefer of Merenra : moreover, I did .... of the palace in all these five
channels (?), on account of my nobility and my .... and of my praying to the
spirits of the king Merenra, living for ever, more than to any god, and because all
things came to pass according to the command which the ha of the king gave.
The word here translated " negroes " is applied by the Egyptians to
all southern tribes including perhaps Hamitic peoples that are quite
distinct from true negroes. The Nile appears to have divided the tribes :
on the east bank were the Wawat adjoining the Egyptian frontier,
and beyond, the Meza, a righting tribe from which the Pharaohs
constantly recruited their armies. On the west bank the order of tribes
from south to north was apparently Aam, Arerthet and Sethu, the last
not named by Una* Such is Prof. Maspero's view, Rec. de Trav.,
xv. 108, though some passages would lead one to suppose that the Aam
alone were on the west bank, and all the others on the eastern bank
or in the desert beyond. It is not likely that the tribes above named
extended far south of the second cataract. The land of Themeh was
in the Libyan desert, and probably included the numerous oases. Many
of the names in the list of Una's troops cannot be identified.
Professor Sayce published last year an interesting graffito from the
island of El Hesseh above Philae, recording a visit of King Merenra in
his fifth year : he there received the homage of the kings of Arerthet
and Wawat and perhaps of Meza.
The Inscription of Herkhuf.
In the reign of Merenra Herkhuf is sent with /lis father on a mission to Aam.
The royal friend and superintendent of the frontier, &c, &c, Herkhuf, says :—■
The Majesty of Merenra sent me with my father (and predecessor in titles)
Ara to Aam, to open a way to that land. I accomplished it in seven months, and
brought back all products (or tribute) from it by a well-directed route (?), and I
was praised for it very greatly.