this name is not found again in the inscriptions and papyri, Ut having
been adopted as the official designation of the oases.
A paper by Professor Petrie, on the Causes and Effects of Egyptian
Geography, is to be found in the Transactions of the last Oriental
Mr. E. A. Floyer's Etude sur le Nord JEthai is the outcome of a journey
in the Eastern Desert in 1890, the Etbai being a name given to the whole
of the mountainous country between the Nile and the Red Sea from
Asyut to Suakin. The northern portion is especially interesting for
its ancient mines and quarries. Something new can be gathered from
Mr. Floyer's other observations, but by far the most important feature of
the book is his theory that the introduction of the camel by the Arabs
in and after the 7th century a.d. has been the cause of a great diminu-
tion in the flora and fauna of the desert.
It is hoped that the Atlas of Ancient Egypt issued by our Society will
do much to popularise the principal results of the discoveries made in
this department of research.
M. Loret has published two more of his articles entitled Recherches sur
plusieurs plantes connues des Anciens Egyptiens. In these instalments
he deals with the coriander, the carob tree or locust bean, the leek,
parsley and celery, the rush, the anise, and the branch and leaf of the palm.
The section on the carob tree is of great length, dealing separately with
the wood, seeds, pods and other products. The identification of names
is carried on with the help of hieroglyphic, Coptic, Greek and Arabic
documents, as well as the works of modern botanical writers. The sub-
ject of plant-names in Egyptian is both large and very difficult, but M.
Loret's interesting articles are constantly making headway in it. He
has also identified the name of the mineral alum.7
Fokeign Relations of Egypt.
Mr. W. Max Midler, of Philadelphia, whose large work on " Europe
and Asia in the Egyptian Inscriptions " was mentioned in the Report
for last year, has turned his attention to the south. He considers the
Ethiopians who wrote the Meroitic inscriptions to have been true negroes.8
A " Himyaritic" inscription of the Minaean type has at length been
discovered in Egypt.9 Its date is Ptolemaic, so that it is probably later
than any of the Minaean inscriptions found in Arabia. These records of