Progress op Egyptology.
divinities to stars, temples to divinities, and dates of foundation to
temples. The results, as they stand, are not always satisfying to the
Egyptologist, but we are grateful for a work that points out what may
prove a very interesting and profitable line of research.
Count H. Schack-Sckackenburg has written an interesting essay on
the star-tables in the tombs of Barneses VI. and Barneses IX.22 He refers
to Champollion, Bouge, Biot, Lepsius, and Gensler—Egyptologists and
astronomers who have misled each other, on the one hand connecting the
tables with astrology, on the other seeing in them records of risings.
Count Schack recognizes the fact that they are records of culmina-
tions, but this he might have learnt from a very able paper written nearly
thirty years ago by Mr. Benouf,23 and straugely neglected by subsequent
writers, including Brugsch. The new essay, however, pursues the
subject a good deal farther. The form of the instrument used, and the
distance between the seven meridian lines (J stellar hour) are made out
with great probability.
With regard to weights and measures, Dr. Spiegelberg has given his
reasons for the new reading deben of the important weight-name that used
to be read uten. M. I. Levi, a debutant, has written a very full, but
still undecisive article, on the value of the atru and the sclioenus [the out-
standing question in the whole subject), and M. Loret has quoted a
first-rate example of the Met-en-nuh of 100 cubits. The value of the
last was already known from a late inscription at Denderah, but it is
satisfactory to have an irrefragable proof of Bamesside date.2'
Arts, Crafts, &c.
Mr. Petrie's memoir on the excavations at Tell el Amarna is of no
small importance for the history of Art. The painted floors and walls of
palaces, and the columns inlaid with mosaics are entirely new to scienco;
and the whole collection, as being datable to one century, and consisting
largely of fragments of the finest workmanship for royalty itself, is of
unique importance. The wonderful series of fragments of variegated
glass, accompanied by instructive remnants from a glass factory, has been
presented by Mr. Martyn Kennard to the British Museum, where it will
be exhibited in the Glass Department. The glazed tile-work has not yet
been thoroughly published, but Borchardt has written an interesting
article, with illustrations from Petrie's collection, in a German journal.'-5
Schiifer has described a box-cover of stamped and painted leather in
the Berlin Museum.26