Progeess of Egyptology.
satire on trades (upon an ostracon), and of a curious prayer on papyrus
referring to games. (Sec. do Tr. xvi. 128.)
The text of the " Instructions of Amenemhat I. to his sou Usertesen,"
which once belonged to Millingen, is the only copy which is not alto-
gether too corrupt for translation. Unfortunately Millingen's original
is lost, but a facsimile of it was sent by Peyron of Turin to De Rouge,
in whose family it has been preserved. Professor Maspero published
two pages of it in the second volume of the Secueil de Travaux, and
now he adds the remainder, a fragment of the third and last page
(Rec. de Tr. xvii. 64). Slight as it is, it is of great value for restoring the
end of the text, and it seems now almost possible to make a translation of
this interesting but perhaps unauthentic document, yet no one risks it.
A new and improved facsimile of the Papyrus of Any (Book of tho
Dead) has been issued by the Trustees of the British Museum. Pro-
fessor Lieblein has transcribed a number of late funerary papyri, con-
taining several varieties of short texts from G-izeh, the British Museum,
&c. (Le Livre e'gyptien ' Que mon nom fleurisse.')
In demotic we have nothing to record, except a few quarry in-
scriptions from the hills behind Ptolemais, copied by Legrain. (Mem.
de la Miss. arch, franq. viii. livr. 3.)
The history of Egypt down to the Hyksos period has been the
subject of two important works, each of which puts it in a new light.
More than two-thirds of Les Origines, the first volume of Professor
Maspero's great work, Ilistoirc Ancienne des peuples de VOrient classique,
is occupied with a general account of early Egypt, richly illustrated, and
written in an attractive style, yet furnished with ample references to
authorities. Such subjects as the geography, the administration, the
mythology, the manner of life, are dealt with at length, and the history
in its narrower sense is not more fully developed than these, the loss
important kings being passed over in silence. Two more volumes will
continue the history of the nearer East down to the time of the
Macedonian conquest. The English edition of the first volume is entitled
The Dawn of Civilisation, and is published by the Society for Promoting
The aim of Professor Petrie's little volume (which is brought down
to the end of the Hyksos) is quite different. It is a student's handbook
of reference for the acts and monuments of each king in succession,
introduced by a very suggestive chapter on the prehistoric period, and