Progress of Egyptology.
There is no event of great importance to report for the year 1894-5
in the way of either discovery or publication of documents relating to
Egypt during the periods of Greek and Roman rule. The exploration
of Alexandria is, no doubt, a very weighty item of news relating to
this subject, though unfortunately of an altogether negative and
disappointing character ; but that has been fully dealt with by Mr.
Hogarth, and may therefore be passed over here.
The publications of literary papyri during the year are quite in-
finitesimal. Dr. Krebs has printed, from the verso of a papyrus in the
Berlin Museum, on the recto of which is inscribed a lease of the second
century, a fragment of a romance relating to the loves of Metiochus and
Parthenope 1; and the present writer has published an epigram on the
battle of Actium and the entry of Octavian into Egypt, from Papyrus
CCLVI in the British Museum, written early in the first century.2
The verso of the same papyrus contains portions of three orations, or, as
appears more probable, owing to the complete absence of proper names,
rhetorical exercises; but the surface of the papyrus has suffered so
much damage that continuous decipherment of the text is impossible. A
description of this papyrus is published in the Catalogue of Additions to
the 3Ianuscripts in the British Museum in 1888-1893, to which allusion
was made in my last report. The same Catalogue contains descriptions
of a few other literary documents, in addition to the more important
MSS. which have been mentioned in previous reports: a fragment of
the Iliad, I. 129-150 (Pap. COLXX1I) ; several fragments, mostly very
small, of an unknown epic (Pap. CCLXXIII); some portions of a
romance (Pap. CCLXXIV); part of a treatise on ethics (Pap.
CCLXXV) ; and a few other literary fragments in Papp. CLV, CLIX,
OLXXXIV, CLXXXVI, CLXXXVII, CGVIII (c), and CCXXX. The
latter is interesting as being probably the oldest extant fragment of
the Greek Bible (a scrap of the Psalter, of about the end of the 3rd
century) ; but after the harvests of previous years, this seems a scanty
list for the acquisitions of five years (1891-1895).
Among non-literary papyri, the continued publication of the Berlin
Griechische Urknnden holds the first place, though the rate of production
has slightly diminished.3 Four parts have appeared during the year,
containing 111 documents (Nos. 362-472), and forming the commence-
ment of a second volume. In addition to these, the indices to the first