Egypt Exploration Fund.
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Both houses and tombs proved to have been very thoroughly rifled,
but we succeeded in unearthing from both a certain number of papyri,
which, added to the evidence of a wooden label, soon put it beyond
doubt that Kum Ushim was Karanis.
Among the papyri found were the following :—
(a) A long but worm-eaten roll found in a house, and containing a
(b) A long Latin document, found among the sand in a rifled tomb
and containing accounts.
(c) Portion of three columns of a Greek literary work in lyric metre
with a preponderance of anapaests. One column is a description of a
massacre, and from the style appears to be a composition of the lato
Ptolemaic or early Roman period.
Id) A prose fragment containing two columns of a private oration by
an Attic orator. Judging by the popularity of Hyperides in Egypt as
shown by the discovery of four of his speeches, this fragment may not
improbably come from one of his lost orations.
(c) Portion of two columns of a roll containing the first book of the
Iliad. Parts of ninety lines are preserved.
These five papyri were all written about the same period, the second
century a.d. We also brought to light a quantity of domestic articles