At Philae, Captain Lyons, while surveying for the Egyptian Govern-
ment in connexion with the Nile Reservoir scheme, has done much
excavation, clearing up a temple of Augustus on the north and the great
colonnade on the south, a temple built by the rebel King Hornezatef,
contemporary with Ptolemy V., and a Ptolemaic temple of the local god
Arihesnefer. Herr L. Borchardt, a Berlin architect and Egyptologist,
has spent most of the winter with Captain Lyons. Their chief discovery
lias been a trilingual inscription of Cornelius Gallus, in hieroglyphs,
Latin and Greek.
At Abydos, M. Amelineau has discovered inter alia a large tomb which
proved to be that of the eldest son of Shashanq I., a statue dedicated by
Usertesen I. to his predecessor Sankhkara Mentuhetep of the XTth
Dynasty, and, most wonderful of all, the tombs of Thinite kings of a
very remote period, apparently that of the first three dynasties. They
are identified by statues and jar sealings inscribed with royal fca-names.
(Les nouvelles fouilles d"Abydos, Angers, 1896.)
At Lisht, M. Gautier, in investigating the surroundings of the south
pyramid in 1894-5, discovered some fine limestone statues of Usertesen
L, and an exquisitely worked altar of black granite dedicated to the ha
of the same king, who was evidently the builder of the pyramid. (Rev.
Archeologique, xxviii. 36, preliminary account with illustrations.)
Professor Sayce and Mr. Wilbour found a necropolis mound opposite
Kum Ombo. At Kum er Resras, on the west bank a little south of
Silsileh, they discovered a temple to Isis built by Domitian.
At El Kab, Mr. Somers Clarke has continued his labour of clearing
The sebakk-diggers of Elephantine have uncovered a graffito of Khufu-
ankh, of the IVthUynasty. At Aswan some inscribed pedestals of Roman
imperial statues have been uncovered.
We must also mention Mr. Newberry's work in the Theban necropolis.
He has catalogued the tombs of 'Abd el Qurneh, has discovered and
copied many new inscriptions of great importance, and traced a number
of interesting scenes. His most valuable discovery is, perhaps, that of
two fragmentary duplicates of the great inscription which details the
duties of the Vizier of Upper Egypt, as given in the text of Rekhmara, of
which latter, moreover, he has made a thorough revision.
It is reported that a French Society connected with the Musee
Guimet has been organized for the purpose of exploration in Egypt.
Last season M. Gayet was commissioned by this Society to excavate
at Antinoe. The result has been the discovery of Ramesside