Progress op Egyptology.
documents that we possess of the Old Kingdom. Its existence has been
known for at least thirty years, and an imperfect copy of it was utilized
by E. de Rouge, from whose extracts almost all subsequent quota-
tions have been made. It is unfortunately only a fragment, but when
complete it must have presented a list of the b-names 1 of all the kings
of the first three dynasties, and festivals and offerings in honour of the
gods of Heliopolis instituted by the later kings down to perhaps the end
of the Vth Dynasty. As a record full of varied information for this
early period it must rank with the inscriptions of Una and Herkhuf.
Professor Pellegrini gives a useful interpretation of it, and a clever
suggestion of what the stela may have been when entire ; but to bring
out the full meaning of the strange characters and groups inscribed upon
it must be the work of time.
In the Revue Egyptolo gique, vii., J. de Rouge's edition of the so-
called " Poem of Pentaur " is continued.
The principal publication has been that of the account papyri in the
Eibliotheque Rationale : they are very carefully edited by Spiegelberg,
and issued in two large volumes. The same author has also transcribed
and translated an account papyrus from Leyden, Rec. de Trav. xvii.
The publication of the Hieratische Papyrus aus der Koniglichen Museen
7Ai Berlin has commenced with a facsimile of the first sixteen pages of the
Ritual of Amen, already known to students from Lemm's description in
1882. The work seems excellent, and the price is merely nominal.
Some hieratic texts in the Hague have been published by Spiegelberg.
Hymn to Thoth in the British Museum, published in transcription by
Tukajeff, JEg. Zeit. xxxiii. p. 120.
Professor Lanzone has had the good fortune to discover some large
fragments of papyrus that nearly complete the somewhat famous Papyrus
of Lake Moeris. This document can hardly be expected to assist
explorers in the Faiyum to the extent that Professor Lanzone suggests;
the geographical information is indeed interesting, but there are cer-
tainly no astronomical indications contained in it. It is, at any rate, a
considerable curiosity and enigma, and now it appears to exist in two
examples: the Papyrus Hood and some small fragments at St. Peters-
burgh belonging to the duplicate of the original papyrus at Bulaq. The
1 This is Professor Petrie's view, which is undoubtedly right.