but is unwilling to accept certain identifications of measures of capacity
which are to some students overwhelmingly proved by documents of
different ages. Professor Eisenlohr quotes the Palermo stone just pub-
lished by Pellegrini (see p. 25). Kevillout, Melanges sur la metrologie,
V'economie politique, et I'histoire de I'ancienne Egypte, also has written at
length on Egyptian metrology, and here publishes, by the way, a fragment
of Petrie's Tanis papyri belonging to the Egypt Exploration Fund,
which contains a list of the fractions formed by dividing 1 to 9 by 7, 8,
9, 10-15, and which is evidently part of a very long table of division.
The present writer lias pointed out the demotic name for the schoenus in
the Story of Setna, Proc. Soc. Bib. Arch, xviii. p. 104.
Manners and Customs.
Miss Murray, Proc. Soc. Bib. Arch. xvii. p. 240, who has been study-
ing Egyptology under Mr. Petrie's guidance, has traced certain estates
through a number of possessors during the Old Kingdom, from the lists
of such estates found in the tombs. Miss Murray may be congratulated
on the success of an experiment in research which is likely to bear good
fruit when it is ascertained how far such, estates were private property
and to what extent they were attached to certain offices.
Spiegelberg, Arbeiter unci Arbeiter-bewegungen writer den Ramessiden,
gives an interesting sketch of the conduct of the labourers in the
necropolis at Thebes, translating in the course of it many documents,
complaints of workmen, trials of inspectors for embezzlement, etc.,
and relating how on one occasion the government labourers struck
work owing to their pay in corn being withheld.
Petrie, Egyptian Decorative Art, analyzes and traces the origin and
history of ornamental patterns in Egypt. The illustrations are very
numerous, and the scarab rightly plays a large part among them, as
giving dated examples of linear ornament, highly varied and beautiful.
The explanations of the Khalcer ornament and of other well-known
designs are very convincing. In this connection we may mention
Haddon, Evolution in Art, as illustrated by the Life Histories of Designs,
as a notable contribution within the year to the history of patterns
amongst primitive and savage peoples.
Lbfebure, Sphinx, i. p. 1, writes at considerable length concerning
the plant symbolical of Lower Egypt; he takes the certainly erroneous
view that it is not the papyrus,