Egypt Exploration Fund.
England is the best piece of Egyptian sculpture yet secured. The
figures were : two standing, f life size ; one seated, the same scale ; a
seated figure, § life size; a group of man and wife, ^ size ; a pair of
man and wife, 5 size; and pieces of several others.
Many coffins of the same age were obtained, the most valuable in-
scribed one being kept at Cairo. In one of these was the only set of
amulets of the Old Kingdom yet known. Another, of a priestess Mera,
contained a painted and inscribed head-rest; and a board painted with
figures of servants and boats lay by its side. Solid block coffins,
hollowed out, were also found. A mat and vase of the hotep offering
was found lying in place, before a false door where offerings were made.
Beads and pendants, such as are shown on the statues of the Old
Kingdom, were found in one tomb. A scribe's palette of the same age
shows that such were made in two layers then. The baskets, cords,
mallets, and chisels, left behind by the gravediggers of the Vth Dynasty;
were also recovered.
The most important conclusion, historically, is that nearly half of the
people at that time were in the habit of cutting the bodies of the dead
more or less to pieces; in some cases sundering every bone from its
fellow, and wrapping each in cloth before rearranging them. No such
practice was suspected before among the Egyptians, and it points to a
cannibal ancestry. The details were discussed in the Contemporary
Revieiv for June.
A large part of the work done at Deshasheh was in the copying full
size of two rock-cut tombs there. These belonged to princes of tho
nome ; one named Anta, the other Shedu. That of Anta contains a
fine battle and siege scene of the Egyptians and the Sati; the most
dramatic, and by far the earliest, battle scene known. The other subjects
in these tombs have many new points of interest. Altogether 150 feet
length of drawings, 5 feet high, was done, brought to England and
prepared, and lithographed before the Exhibition was held.
An Exhibition was held at University College during July, of all tho
results from Deshasheh, of a selection of Messrs. Grenfell and Hunt's
papyri from Behneseh, of Messrs. Carter and Sillem's drawings, and of
Mr. Quibell's results for the Egyptian Research Account from El Kab.
Further details need not be given here, as the full account, with
plates of the Deshasheh work, is nearly ready for press.
W. M. Flindees Peteie.