Progress of Egyptology.
the first is read by Professor Sayce as " Sharru," which he compares
with Soris of Manetho, the predecessor of Khufu. On the high
plateau east of the necropolis hill Professor Sayce found breccia
partly disintegrated and formed of pebbles and worked flints of
Mr. Somers Clarke and his assistants have continued their work of
copying and surveying at El Kab.
Silsileh. M. Legrain has found a Karian inscription at Khor el
Ghorab, north of Silsileh, and has excavated some prehistoric or " Now
Race " tombs on the north-east.
Thebes. Miss Benson has completed her work at the temple of Mut
and found several fine statues, amongst them one of the governor
Mentuemhat (XXVth Dynasty) ; there is also a new fragment of the
frieze in which Piaukhy pictured his victories over Tafnekht and the
other princes of the north.
M. Legrain has continued the repairs of the temple of Karnak.
The sebbakhin of Medinet Habu are digging up the palace of
Amenbetep III., where M. Grebaut found painted floors ; great quan-
tities of variegated glass have come from it.
Negadeh. M. de Morgan has excavated more prehistoric tombs;
also a royal tomb, the contents of which had been partially burnt
subsequent to interment, after the fashion of the early Babylonians.
The royal names had been impressed on clay jar-sealings by means of
seal-cylinders. Among the objects discovered are an exquisitely carved
ivory plaque and lion, shells from the Red Sea, fragments of obsidian
and crystal vases.
Abydos. M. Amelineau has found more royal tombs of the early
period, containing clay vases stamped with royal names and titles as
before. The names are usually Jfa-names, but sometimes they are sur-
rounded with a crenellated oval border, which suggests that the cartouche
originally represented the fortified palace in which the king lived (Sayce).
One is thought to be the name of Boethos, the first king of the Ilnd
Dynasty. M. Amelineau has also found two rude stone stelae with
iTa-names. The clay vases found bear incised marks.
Menshiybh. In the hills behind this place M. de Morgan has found
other prehistoric tombs.
It seems worth recording that seven papyri found at Eshmuiien
were bought by 'Ali of Gizeh for 181., that six of these were demotic,
while the seventh contained the now famous odes of Bacchylides (Sayce).
In the course of his geological survey Mr. W. E. J. Bramley found