Eisenlohr passes in review a number of monumental data used by
various writers for the determination of the earlier Egyptian chronology
by means of astronomical calculations (Gongr. Geneva, iv. 65).
It appears that the epagomenal days were sometimes denoted by the
birthdays of the gods who were born on each of them ; but Wiedemann
(Ilea, de Tr. xviii. 126) questions the fixity of these divine birthdays and
their value for chronology.
0. Torr and de Ricci discuss questions of Egyptian chronology
(Rev. Arch. xxix. 260).
Petrie points out that as neither Meronptah's war with Israel nor
Rameses III.'s war in Palestine is mentioned in the Book of Judges,
the settlement of the Jews in Palestine may be regarded as subsequent
to the campaign of Rameses III. He proceeds to show that the Jewish
chronology down to Shishak's invasion in the reign of Rehoboam admits
of explanation which abbreviates it into conformity with this view
(P. S. B. A. xviii. 243).
The second volume of Professor Maspero's great Histoire ancienne
des peuples de VOrient Classique (Tome II., Les premieres melees des
Peuples) is complete, and lias been translated into English under the
title " The Struggle of the Nations." It covers the period from the
Hyksos to the XXIInd Dyn. in Egypt.
Maspero, reviewing the two memoirs on El Persheh (Rev. Grit, xliii.
61), considers that the dates of the graffiti at HetNub should be referred
to the reigns of the kings, and not to those of the nomarchs. This leads
him to reduce considerably the duration ascribed to Tehutihetep's family
tree, scarcely allowing it to roach back to the Xlth Dyn.
Spiegelberg gives references for " Henket, aukh," the name of the
funerary temple of Thothmes III., and for " Shesep, ankhet," that of the
temple of Amenhetep II. "Ankh, uas," the supposed name of the
palace of Rameses II., must be due to errors of the scribe of Sallier III.
(Rec. de Tr. xix. 86).
Wiedemann suggests " Amen . nefer . ncbt " as the name of the eldest
son of Sety I., who seems to have had the right of succession, but died
early (Bee. de Tr. xviii. 121).
Pedillet compai-es the description of Rameses III.'s buildings at
Thebes in the Harris Papyrus with the ruins of Medinet Habu. There
seems no doubt that they are identical, and that the tower of Medinet
Habu is the aha or " palace " for Amen of the papyrus.