mencement of the imperial administration in Egypt. Cornelius Gallus,
Governor of Egypt under Augustus, offended his master by boastful
records of his own exploits. Erman had raised a doubt whether the
priests, in framing the hieroglyphic legend, had not changed the ascription
of victory from Gallus to Augustus, a view adopted by Mommsen. But
Wilcken deals with this opinion at great length and disproves it.
Daressy (B,ec. de Tr. xx. 80) gives variants of the disputed Roman
cartouche at Tabta.
Post (Untersuehungen zur Altor. Gesch., pp. 120 et scqq. in Mitth. d.
Vorderas. Gesells. Feb. 1897) discusses Egyptian chronology before the
XXth Dyn., with the assistance of the Babylonian synchronisms of the
Tell el Amarna period.
Lehmann (Zwei Ilauplproblemc der altorienlalischen chronologic, pp. 194
et seqq.) devotes an appendix to the calendar of the Papyrus Ebers.
Max MCllek (Studien zur Vorderas. Gesch. 32) writes on the methods
of dating in Assyria and Babylonia and the use of regnal dates, adopted
late by the Assyrians, but used from the earliest times in Egypt.
Sethe's learned articles in Pauhj-WissowcCs Encyldopaedie (now at
" Ch") include Cheops, Chephren, and other royal persons.
Maspero (P. S. B. A. xx. 123) places Per Peg (near Herakleopolis)
of the Piankhi-stela at El Foqa'.
Daressy (Rec. de Tr. xx. 80) gives notes on the Geographical Papyrus
of Tanis : and on the " palace " of the Harris papyrus at Medinet Habu,
which he shows to have been not the stone tower now existing, but a brick
building that has disappeared, of which, however, there are clear signs
on the south side of having been built at right angles to the temple.
In Rev. Arch. xxxi. PI. xiv. a reduced copy is given of the Byzantine
mosaic of a map representing Lower Egypt and Palestine, recently found
De Morgan's Caite de la Necropole Memphite, Dahcliour, Sahlcara,
Abousir, is a valuable survey of the region indicated, showing the posi-
tion of all pyramids, tombs, or other ancient structures discovered there,
and distinguishing by colours the periods to which they belong.
Foccart (Rec. de Tr. xx. 162) prints a number of interesting notes on
the ancient sites in the Delta. He gives a new plan of the ruins of Sais
and the names of several new sites, the most important being Shunet
Yusif (also called Dashnun, near Abu Shakuk) with a large enclosure,
and Tell Balsun or Hurdi el Kadim in the Menzaleh region.