subject, but very important results are expected from tins thorough survey.
Mr. G. A. Boulenger, the greatest living authority on fishes, will undertake
the description of the specimens, and Mr. Loate has gone out to Egypt
armed with all necessary appliances to obtain them. Dr. Anderson has in
preparation the volume on the Mammalia, and is taking steps to include
in it notes of the fauna represented on the monuments.
E. Towey White, in P. 8. B. A. xxi. 32, figures the bronze mummy-case
for a fish from the Hilton Price collection; the bones in it have been
identified by Mr. Boulenger as belonging to Latus Niloticus.
Medicine.—The 70th Congress of " German naturalists and physicians "
which took place at Diisseldorf from July to October, 1898, was made
especially interesting by a historical exhibition held in the Kunstgewerbe
Museum of a large loan collection illustrating the history of medicine,
and especially its beginnings in Egypt, Mesopotamia, Greece and Borne.
This exhibition was mainly due to the exertions of Baron von Oefele. A
catalogue of the collection—not illustrated—has been printed.
In P. 8. B. A. xx. 267 (cf. also ib. xxi. 79) Mr. D. L. Nash figures from
his own collection a toilet-box of five compartments. An analysis of
the contents by Dr. W. Gowland indicates that they consisted of a
" mixture of bee's wax and aromatic resins, with a small portion of a
vegetable oil." The scents, &c, which must once have distinguished them
one from another, have now disappeared.
The use of tattooing in Egypt as a means of medical treatment is discussed
by Dr. Fouquet, in Archives d'anthropologic criminelle, 1898, xiii. 270.
He has found an ancient instance on a mummy of the Xlth (sic.)
Dynasty, and in modern Egypt the practice is common. The article is
accompaniedlby a plate of figures showing both ancient and modern patterns
and the parts of the body to which they are applied.
In Sphinx, iii. 61, Lieblein draws attention to parallel modes of
treatment by2inhalation in the Papyrus Ebers and in Hippocrates.
The variations of a curious magic formula for use against burns are
noted by Schiifer, Aeg. Zeit. xxxvi. 129.
In Or. Litt. Zeit. ii. 26, Oefele points out that mer (wrongly trans-
literated Se~khmer) means "pain," not "disease," as it is sometimes
rendered. In the Allgemeine Medic. Centralzeitung, 1898, 'nos. 49, 50, the
same writer has notes on Sapo antimonialis (Pap. Eb. ix., 11. 10-15), and
medicines for infants at the breast (Pap. Eb. xlix.-L, xcvii., 11. 10, 11).
In Or. Litt. Zeit. i. 402, Wiedemann reviews Ebers' Korpertheile.
Metrology.—In Sitx. d. math.-phys. el. d. Eon. Bayer. Almd. d. Wiss.,
1899, xxix. 71 F., Lindemann describes a number of objects resembling